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227's™ YouTube Chili' Pitbull, Chili' Ne-Yo - Spicy' Time Of Our Chili' Lives! NBA Globalization Mix! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' Pitbull, Chili' Ne-Yo - Spicy' Time Of Our Lives! NBA Globalization Mix) Pitbull's 8th studio album Globalization! "I knew my Chili' rent was gon' be late about a week ago, but this Chili' club though!!!" NBA Party!!! https://www.facebook.com/pages/227sYouTubeChili.NBA.Mix * http://pressroom.prlog.org/Hoops227 * http://nba.hoops227.co * https://www.linkedin.com/pub/jamaal-al-din/18/672/389 Zions bank business academy-page-001(1)IMG000007 LogoIMG000287Logo Chili' Lyrics: "I knew my Chili' rent was gon' be late about a Spicy' week ago I worked my Chili' ass off, but I still can't Spicy' pay it though But I got just enough To get up in this Chili' club Have me a good Spicy' time, before my Chili' time is up Hey, let's Chili' get it now!" Chili' Pitbull & Chili' Ne-Yo's Chilliciously' entertaining performance on this Chili' video! 227's Spicy' Chili' Club jams! This musical duo is Chili' slick! Dance Club Chili'! 227's™ YouTube Chili' Pitbull Chili', Ne-Yo Chili' & NBA Chili' Videos (1/20/2015): Pitbull, Ne-Yo - Time Of Our Lives * Download the new album “Globalization” featuring "Time Of Our Lives", “Fireball”, “Wild Wild Love”, “We Are One” & More on ...* Pitbull and Ne-Yo Perform "Time of Our Lives" * Pitbull and Ne-Yo Performs "Time of Our Lives" on Jimmy Kimmel Live SUBSCRIBE to get the latest #KIMMEL: ...* Pitbull, Ne-Yo - Time Of Our Lives (Clean Version) * Pitbull, Ne-Yo - Time Of Our Lives (Clean Version) * GetYourFitOnWith Tara Dance Fitness - "TIME OF OUR LIVES" by Pitbull and Ne-yo (HD) * Connect with us on Facebook! Subscribe to My YouTube Channel! Let me know ...* Zumba- Time of Our Lives- Pitbull ft. Ne-Yo * Love this new jam by Pitbull and NeYo!!! For more information on my classes, please check out my website * Top 10 NBA Plays: January 19th * Check out the top 10 plays of the night from around the Association. About the NBA: The NBA is the premier professional ...* DeAndre Jordan Can't Stay Focused * DeAndre Jordan has a hard time concentrating during the postgame interview following his big game against the Celtics. * NBA Daily Show: Jan. 16 – The Starters * The guys discuss the Brook Lopez to OKC rumors, hand out "Worst of the Week” to Nick Young and his shoes, and give you the ...* Top 10 NBA Assists of the Week: 1/11-1/17 * Here are NBA.com's top 10 assists of the week. * Inside The NBA (on TNT) Game Break – Bulls vs. Cavaliers/Lakers vs. Suns – Monday Jan. 19, 2015 * Martin Luther King Day/Holiday, Martin Luther King Jr. (MLK) Inside The NBA (on TNT) Full Episode - 1-19-15 ...* NBA 2K15: One Last Shot * Keep up the likes and support guys! I'm really enjoying having this up daily :) AD FREE BdoubleO100 Chili' Lyrics: "She on the Chili' rebound, broke up with her Spicy' ex And I'm like Chili' Rodman, ready on Spicy' deck!" "This is the last Spicy' $20 I got But I'm a have a good Chili' time Spicy' ballin' or out Tell the Chili' bartender line up some Spicy' shots Cause I'm a get Chili' loose tonight She's on Spicy' fire, she's so Chili' hot!!!" Time of Our Lives (Pitbull and Ne-Yo song) From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Time of Our Lives" Single by Pitbull and Ne-Yo from the album Globalization and Non-Fiction Released November 17, 2014 Format CD single digital download Recorded 2014 Genre Dance-pop synthpop EDM Length 3:49 Label Mr. 305 Polo Grounds RCA Writer(s) Armando C. Pérez Lukasz Gottwald Henry Walter Robin Weisse Shaffer Smith Stephan Taft Producer(s) Dr. Luke Cirkut Lifted Pitbull singles chronology "Celebrate" (2014) "Time of Our Lives" (2014) "Piensas (Dile la Verdad)" (2014) Ne-Yo singles chronology "She Knows" (2014) "Time of Our Lives" (2014) "Who's Taking You Home" (2015) Music video "Time of Our Lives" on YouTube "Time of Our Lives" is a song recorded by American rapper Pitbull and American R&B singer Ne-Yo for the former's eighth studio album Globalization. It was released on November 17, 2014 as the fifth single from the album by RCA Records. Produced by Dr. Luke, Cirkut, and Lifted, the song marks the second collaboration by Pitbull and Ne-Yo, following "Give Me Everything" (2011). "Time of Our Lives" was written by Pitbull, Lukasz Gottwald, Henry Walter, Robin Weisse, Shaffer Smith, and Stephan Taft. The song is used as the theme song for the upcoming film Home . Contents 1 Music video 2 Charts 3 Release history 4 References Music video The music video was first released onto Pitbull's official VEVO channel on December 25, 2014. It has received over 13 million views.[1] Charts Chart (2014–15) Peak position Belgium (Ultratip Flanders)[2] 50 Belgium (Ultratip Wallonia)[3] 31 Canada (Canadian Hot 100)[4] 33 New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[5] 30 Poland (Dance Top 50)[6] 23 US Billboard Hot 100[7] 33 US Hot Rap Songs (Billboard)[8] 7 US Dance/Mix Show Airplay (Billboard)[9] 17 US Hot Dance Club Songs (Billboard)[10] 47 US Mainstream Top 40 (Billboard)[11] 19 US Rhythmic (Billboard)[12] 13 Release history Region Date Format Label Worldwide[13] November 17, 2014 Digital download Mr. 305 / Polo Grounds Music / RCA Records References "Pitbull - Time of Our Lives ft. Ne-Yo". YouTube. "Ultratop.be – Pitbull & Ne-Yo – Time of Our Lives" (in Dutch). Ultratip. Retrieved December 27, 2014. "Ultratop.be – Pitbull & Ne-Yo – Time of Our Lives" (in French). Ultratip. Retrieved December 27, 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Pitbull. Retrieved December 13, 2014. "Charts.org.nz – Pitbull & Ne-Yo – Time of Our Lives". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 16 January 2015. "Listy bestsellerów, wyróżnienia :: Związek Producentów Audio-Video". Polish Dance Top 50. Retrieved 29 December 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Pitbull. Retrieved December 4, 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Rap Songs for Pitbull. Retrieved December 13, 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Dance/Mix Show Airplay for Pitbull. Retrieved December 4, 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Pitbull. Retrieved January 12, 2015. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Pitbull. Retrieved December 4, 2014. "Pitbull Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Rhythmic Songs for Pitbull. Retrieved December 4, 2014. "Pitbull -Time of Our Lives (RELEASE)". rcarecordspress.com/. [show] v t e Pitbull songs Categories: 2014 singles Pitbull (rapper) songs Ne-Yo songs Songs written by Ne-Yo Songs written by Dr. Luke Songs written by Cirkut (record producer) Song recordings produced by Dr. Luke Song recordings produced by Cirkut (record producer) Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' Pitbull, Chili' Ne-Yo - Spicy' Time Of Our Chili' Lives NBA Mix) https://www.facebook.com/pages/227sYouTubeChili.NBA.Mix * https://www.youtube.com/user/jamaalaldintv Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube "Chili" NBA 2014 - 2015 NBA Playoffs ESPN Spicy' Mix)-cooks da' spiciest Wikipedia information (like dat' POPEYE's FRIED CHICKEN), YouTube NBA: Atlanta Hawks / Boston Celtics / Charlotte Bobcats / Chicago Bulls / Cleveland Cavaliers / Dallas Mavericks / Denver Nuggets / Detroit Pistons / Golden State Warriors / Houston Rockets / Indiana Pacers / Los Angeles Clippers / Los Angeles Lakers / Memphis Grizzlies / Miami Heat / Milwaukee Bucks / Minnesota Timberwolves / New Jersey Nets / New Orleans Hornets / New York Knicks / Orlando Magic / Philadelphia 76ers / Phoenix Suns / Portland Trail Blazers / Sacramento Kings / San Antonio Spurs / Oklahoma City Thunder (OKC) / Toronto Raptors / Utah Jazz / Washington Wizards Related articles 227's™ YouTube Chili' MLK Day Boise State! Jamaal's Spicy' Photo, Quote & March. "Study history, strive for humanity perfected; racial justice and equality for all." NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' MLK Day Boise State! Jamaal's Spicy' Photo, Quote & March. "Being a leader is intangible; People of all walks of life have the capability; The EXAMPLE leads by itself." NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' Friday The 13th Movie NBA Spicy' Stats: Klay Chili' Thompson [Golden State Chili' Warriors] (Points) NBA Mix! WATCH: Jimmy Kimmel Finds People Who Say They Saw Martin Luther King, Jr. Give Speech On Monday Kimmel dubs his MLK Day edition of 'Lie Witness News' the 'most disturbing ever' 227's™ YouTube Chili' Avengers: Age of Ultron Movie NBA Spicy' Stats: Ty Chili' Lawson [Denver Chili' Nuggets] (Assists) NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' Avengers Ultron Movie Derrick Chili' Rose Chili' Sauce Game Stats [Chicago Chili' Bulls] (Chili' Double Spicy' Double - 29 Points/10 Assists) NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' Snowflake The White Gorilla Movie NBA Spicy' Stats: LaMarcus Chili' Aldridge [Portland Chili' Trail Blazers]! NBA Mix! Kemba Walker, Klay Thompson Named Players of the Week Hornets' Lance Stephenson Doesn't See Resemblance
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227's™ YouTube Chili' President Barack Chili' Obama Introduced by Boise State's Camille Chili' Eddy! NCAA NBA Mix! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' President Barack Chili' Obama Introduced by Boise State's Camille Chili' Eddy! NCAA NBA Mix) African-American Mechanical Engineering Major - Camille Chili' Eddy Introduces President Barack Chili' Obama at Boise State University - Jan. 21, 2015! Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Education Initiative! https://www.facebook.com/227sYouTubeChili.NBA.Mix * https://www.youtube.com/user/jamaalaldintv * http://nba.hoops227.co * https://www.linkedin.com/pub/jamaal-al-din/18/672/389 Zions bank business academy-page-001(1)IMG000007 LogoIMG000287Logo ***Boise, Idaho Spicy' Chili' Media Outlets: KTVB Channel 7 * KIVI Channel 6 * KBCI Channel 2 * FOX 12*** ***227's™ Camille Chili' Eddy*** "One of the best Presidential introductions I've ever heard," said Al-Din. Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 congratulates Camille Eddy of Boise State University for exemplifying the value of Education! The Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Education Initiative is an online academic recognition program which acknowledges outstanding academic performances online via Social Media platforms - YouTube, Twitter, Instagram and Facebook! Congratulations to Camille Eddy! Jamaal Al-Din encourages everyone to pickup a book at your local library! Education, it's Chili'!!!!! Post by Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's YouTube "Chili")! 227's™ YouTube Chili' President Chili' Obama... by boisestate227 ***Boise State - Business * Economics * Engineering * Science * Computers * Communications * Technology * Health Care * Medical * Mathematics*** AP Top 25 RK TEAM 1 Ohio State 2 Oregon 3 TCU 4 Alabama 5 Michigan State 6 Florida State 7 Baylor 8 Georgia Tech 9 Georgia 10 UCLA 11 Mississippi State 12 Arizona State 13 Wisconsin 14 Missouri 15 Clemson 16 Boise State 17 Ole Miss 18 Kansas State 19 Arizona 20 USC 21 Utah 22 Auburn 23 Marshall 24 Louisville 25 Memphis *** Boise State University is about Chili' education and the Spicy' Broncos !!! Support Jamaal Al-Din's Education Initiative at BoiseLibrarian.com (hoops227.net * hoops227.co * hoops227.biz * hoops227.us * hoops227.org) NBA Mix !!! Jamaal Al-Din encourages everyone to pick up a book at your local library. Read and achieve Chili' great things! *** The Chili' Mountain West Spicy' Conference: Mountain Division * Air Force * Boise State * Colorado State * New Mexico * Utah State * Wyoming West Division * Fresno State * Hawaiʻi * Nevada * UNLV * San Diego State * San Jose State *** Graduate of the ZIONS Bank (Boise, ID) Business Success Academy *** Thank-you to Karen Appelgren - Assistant Director, Sheila Spangler - Vice President & Director, and Utah Jazz (NBA) Basketball Sponsor (Affiliate Team of NBA D-League Idaho Chili' Stampede) & Boise State University Athletics Sponsor - ZIONS Bank Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' NBA 2014 - 2015 NBA Playoffs ESPN Spicy' Mix)-cooks da' spiciest Wikipedia information (like dat' POPEYE's FRIED CHICKEN), YouTube NBA & NFL: Atlanta Hawks / Boston Celtics / Charlotte Bobcats / Chicago Bulls / Cleveland Cavaliers / Dallas Mavericks / Denver Nuggets / Detroit Pistons / Golden State Warriors / Houston Rockets / Indiana Pacers / Los Angeles Clippers / Los Angeles Lakers / Memphis Grizzlies / Miami Heat / Milwaukee Bucks / Minnesota Timberwolves / New Jersey Nets / New Orleans Hornets / New York Knicks / Orlando Magic / Philadelphia 76ers / Phoenix Suns / Portland Trail Blazers / Sacramento Kings / San Antonio Spurs / Oklahoma City Thunder (OKC) / Toronto Raptors / Utah Jazz / Washington Wizards AFC East * Buffalo Bills / Miami Dolphins / New England Patriots / New York Jets / AFC North * Baltimore Ravens / Cincinnati Bengals / Cleveland Browns / Pittsburgh Steelers / AFC South * Houston Texans / Indianapolis Colts / Jacksonville Jaguars / Tennessee Titans / AFC West * Denver Broncos / Kansas City Chiefs / Oakland Raiders / San Diego Chargers / NFC East * Dallas Cowboys / New York Giants / Philadelphia Eagles / Washington Redskins / NFC North * Chicago Bears / Detroit Lions / Green Bay Packers / Minnesota Vikings / NFC South * Atlanta Falcons / Carolina Panthers / New Orleans Saints / Tampa Bay Buccaneers / NFC West * Arizona Cardinals / St. Louis Rams / San Francisco 49ers / Seattle Seahawks President From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article is about a position and title in government. For the highest officer of a corporation, see President (corporate title). For other uses, see President (disambiguation). Question book-new.svg This article does not cite any references or sources. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (March 2013) Part of the Politics series on Executive government Head of state Monarch President Government Head of government Chancellor Chief Executive Chief Minister First Minister Premier Prime Minister Cabinet Cabinet collective responsibility Ministry Minister Secretary Other Governor Mayor Systems Presidential Semi-presidential (cohabitational) Parliamentary (Westminster) Lists National leaders National governments Heads of State and Government Politics portal v t e A president is the leader of a country or a division or part of a country, typically a republic, a democracy, or a dictatorship. The title "president" is sometimes used by extension for leaders of other groups. Etymologically, a president is one who presides (from Latin prae- "before" + sedere "to sit"; giving the term praeses). Originally, the term referred to the presiding officer of a ceremony or meeting (i.e., chairman), but today it most commonly refers to an executive official. Among other things, "President" today is a common title for the heads of state of most republics, whether popularly elected, chosen by the legislature or by a special electoral college. Contents 1 Title 2 Head of state 2.1 Democratic countries 2.1.1 Semi-presidential systems 2.1.2 Parliamentary systems 2.1.3 Collective Presidency 2.2 Dictatorships 2.3 Presidential symbols 2.4 Presidential chronologies 3 Titles for non-heads of state 3.1 As head of government 3.2 Other executive positions 3.2.1 Sub-national 3.2.2 Poland 3.2.3 United Kingdom 3.2.4 Spain 3.2.5 Deputies 3.3 Legislatures 3.3.1 France 3.3.2 United Kingdom 4 See also 5 References Title The title President is derived from the Latin prae- "before" + sedere "to sit." As such, it originally designated the officer who presides over or "sits before" a gathering and ensures that debate is conducted according to the rules of order (see also chairman and speaker). Early examples are from the universities of Oxford and Cambridge (from 1464) and the founding President of the Royal Society William Brouncker in 1660. This usage survives today in the title of such offices as "President of the Board of Trade" and "Lord President of the Council" in the United Kingdom, as well as "President of the Senate" (one of the roles constitutionally assigned to the Vice-President of the United States). The officiating priest at certain Anglican religious services, too, is sometimes called the "President" in this sense. However the most common modern usage is as the title of a head of state in a republic. In pre-revolutionary France, the president of a Parlement evolved into a powerful magistrate, a member of the so-called noblesse de robe ("nobility of the gown"), with considerable judicial as well as administrative authority. The name referred to his primary role of presiding over trials and other hearings. In the 17th and 18th centuries, seats in the Parlements, including presidencies, became effectively hereditary, since the holder of the office could ensure that it would pass to an heir by paying the crown a special tax known as the paulette. The post of "first president" (premier président), however, could only be held by the King's nominees. The Parlements were abolished by the French Revolution. In modern France the chief judge of a court is known as its president (président de la cour). The first usage of the word 'president' to denote the highest official in a government was during the Commonwealth of England. After the abolition of the monarchy the English Council of State, whose members were elected by the House of Commons, became the executive government of the Commonwealth. The Council of State was the successor of the Privy Council, which had previously been headed by the Lord President; its successor the Council of State was also headed by a Lord President, the first of which was John Bradshaw. However, the Lord President alone was not head of state, because that office was vested in the council as a whole. The modern usage of the term 'president' to designate a single person who is the head of state of a republic can be traced directly to the United States Constitution of 1787, which created the office of President of the United States. Previous American governments had included "presidents" (such as the president of the Continental Congress or the president of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress), but these were presiding officers in the older sense, with no executive authority. It has been suggested that the executive use of the term was borrowed from early American colleges and universities, which were usually headed by a president. British universities were headed by an official called the "Chancellor" (typically a ceremonial position) while the chief administrator held the title of "Vice-Chancellor". But America's first institutions of higher learning (such as Harvard University and Yale University) didn't resemble a full-sized university so much as one of its constituent colleges. A number of colleges at Cambridge University featured an official called the "President". The head, for instance, of Magdalene College, Cambridge was called the master and his second the president. The first president of Harvard, Henry Dunster, had been educated at Magdalene. Some have speculated that he borrowed the term out of a sense of humility, considering himself only a temporary place-holder. The presiding official of Yale College, originally a "Rector" (after the usage of continental European universities), became "President" in 1745. A common style of address for presidents, "Mr. President," is borrowed from British Parliamentary tradition, in which the presiding Speaker of the House of Commons is referred to as "Mr. Speaker." Coincidentally, this usage resembles the older French custom of referring to the president of a parlement as "Monsieur le Président", a form of address that in modern France applies to both the President of the Republic and to chief judges. Similarly, the Speaker of the Canadian House of Commons is addressed by francophone parliamentarians as "Monsieur/Madame Président(e)". In Pierre Choderlos de Laclos's novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses of 1782, the character identified as Madame la Présidente de Tourvel ("Madam President of Tourvel") is the wife of a magistrate in a parlement. The fictional name Tourvel refers not to the parlement in which the magistrate sits, but rather, in imitation of an aristocratic title, to his private estate. Once the United States adopted the title of "President" for its republican Head of State, many other nations followed suit. Haiti became the first presidential republic in Latin America when Henri Christophe assumed the title in 1807. Almost all of the American nations that became independent from Spain in the early 1810s and 1820s chose a US-style president as their chief executive. The first European president was the President of the French Second Republic of 1848. (The First Republic had harkened back to the ancient Roman Republic by appointing several consuls at its head.) The first African President was the President of Liberia (1848), while the first Asian president was the President of the Republic of China (1912).[citation needed] In the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, the powers of presidencies have varied from country to country. The spectrum of power has included presidents-for-life and hereditary presidencies to ceremonial heads of state. Head of state Democratic countries President of Islamic Republic of Pakistan Inspects an Inter Services Guard of honor Presidents in countries with a democratic or representative form of government are usually elected for a specified period of time and in some cases may be re-elected by the same process by which they are appointed, i.e. in many nations, periodic popular elections. The powers vested in such presidents vary considerably. Some presidencies, such as that of Ireland, are largely ceremonial, whereas other systems vest the President with substantive powers such as the appointment and dismissal of prime ministers or cabinets, the power to declare war, and powers of veto on legislation. In many nations the President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the nation's armed forces, though once again this can range from a ceremonial role to one with considerable authority. In states with a presidential system of government, the president exercises the functions of Head of State and Head of Government, i.e. She or he directs the executive branch of government. Presidents in this system are either directly elected by popular vote or indirectly elected by an electoral college or some other democratically elected body. In the United States, the President is indirectly elected by the Electoral College made up of electors chosen by voters in the presidential election. In most U.S. states, each elector is committed to voting for a specified candidate determined by the popular vote in each state, so that the people, in voting for each elector, are in effect voting for the candidate. However for various reasons the numbers of electors in favour of each candidate are unlikely to be proportional to the popular vote. Thus in four close U.S. elections (1824, 1876, 1888, and 2000), the candidate with the most popular votes still lost the election. In Mexico, the president is directly elected for a six-year term by popular vote. The candidate who wins the most votes is elected president even without an absolute majority. The president may never get another term. The 2006 Mexican elections had a fierce competition, the electoral results showed a minimal difference between the two most voted candidates and such difference was just about the 0.58% of the total vote. The Federal Electoral Tribunal declared an elected President after a controversial post-electoral process. In Brazil, the president is directly elected for a four-year term by popular vote. A candidate has to have more than 50% of the valid votes. If no candidates achieve a majority of the votes, there is a runoff election between the two candidates with most votes. Again, a candidate needs a majority of the vote to be elected. In Brazil, a president cannot be elected to more than two consecutive terms, but there is no limit on the number of terms a president can serve. Many South American, Central American, and African nations follow the presidential model. Semi-presidential systems A second system is the semi-presidential system, also known as the French system. In this system, as in the Parliamentary system, there are both a president and a prime minister; but unlike the parliamentary system, the president may have significant day-to-day power. For example in France, when his party controls the majority of seats in the National Assembly, the president can operate closely with the parliament and prime minister, and work towards a common agenda. When the National Assembly is controlled by his opponents, however, the president can find himself marginalized with the opposition party prime minister exercising most of the power. Though the prime minister remains an appointee of the president, the president must obey the rules of parliament, and select a leader from the house's majority holding party. Thus, sometimes the president and prime minister can be allies, sometimes rivals; the latter situation is known in France as cohabitation. Variants of the French semi-presidential system, developed at the beginning of the Fifth Republic by Charles de Gaulle, are used in France, Finland, Romania, Russia, Sri Lanka and several post-colonial countries which have emulated the French model. Parliamentary systems See also: Parliamentary system and Parliamentary republic Another system is the Parliamentary republic, where the Presidency is largely ceremonial. Countries using this system include Israel, Ireland, Malta, Italy, Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Turkey, Iceland, India, Pakistan, Singapore, Germany and Greece. Collective Presidency Only a tiny minority of modern republics do not have a single head of state. Some examples of this are: Switzerland, where the headship of state is collectively vested in the seven-member Swiss Federal Council, although there is also a President of the Confederation, who is a member of the Federal Council elected by the Federal Assembly (the Swiss Parliament) for a year (constitutional convention mandates that the post rotates every New Year's Day). The Captains Regent of San Marino elected by the Grand and General Council. In the former Soviet Union, while the real power was exercised by the general secretary of the Communist Party, the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet executed powers of collective head of state, and its chairman was often called "president" in the West. Yugoslavia after the death of Josip Broz Tito. Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina National Council of Government (Uruguay) Dictatorships In dictatorships, the title is frequently taken by self-appointed and/or military-backed leaders. Such is the case in many African states; Idi Amin in Uganda, Mobutu Sese Seko in Zaire and also Ferdinand Marcos in Philippines are some examples. Other presidents (in authoritarian states) have wielded only symbolic or no power, such as Craveiro Lopes in Portugal and Joaquín Balaguer under the "Trujillo Era" of the Dominican Republic. President for Life is a title assumed by some dictators to try to ensure that their authority or legitimacy is never questioned. Ironically, most leaders who proclaim themselves President for Life do not in fact successfully serve a life term. On the other hand, presidents like Alexandre Pétion, Rafael Carrera, Josip Broz Tito and François Duvalier died in office. Kim Il-sung was named Eternal President of the Republic after his death. Lucius Cornelius Sulla appointed himself in 82 BC to an entirely new office, dictator rei publicae constituendae causa, which was functionally identical to the dictatorate rei gerendae causa except that it lacked any set time limit, although Sulla held this office for over two years before he voluntarily abdicated and retired from public life. The second well-known incident of a leader extending his term indefinitely was Roman dictator Julius Caesar, who made himself "Perpetual Dictator" (commonly mistranslated as 'Dictator-for-life') in 45 BC. His actions would later be mimicked by the French leader Napoleon Bonaparte who was appointed "First Consul for life" in 1802. Several presidents have ruled until their death, but they have not proclaimed themselves as President for Life. For instance, Nicolae Ceauşescu of Romania, who ruled until his execution (see Romanian Revolution). Presidential symbols As the country's head of state, in most countries the president is entitled to certain perquisites, and may have a prestigious residence; often a lavish mansion or palace, sometimes more than one (e.g. summer and winter residence, country retreat) – for symbols of office, such as an official uniform, decorations, a presidential seal, coat of arms, flag and other visible accessories; military honours such as gun salutes, ruffles and flourishes, and a presidential guard. A common presidential symbol is the presidential sashes worn by mostly Latin American presidents as a symbol of the presidency's continuity, and presenting the sash to the new president. Presidential chronologies United Nations member countries in columns, other entities at the beginning: European Commission List of presidents of European Union institutions President of Kosovo President of Palestine President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) President of Northern Cyprus President of Somaliland President of Abkhazia President of South Ossetia President of Nagorno-Karabakh Republic President of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic President of Transnistria List of Presidents of the Soviet Union (Leaders) Afghanistan Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Bangladesh Belarus Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cameroon Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Chile People's Republic of China Colombia Comoros Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon The Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Laos Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macedonia Madagascar Malawi Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova Mongolia Montenegro Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Pakistan Palau Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Rwanda San Marino São Tomé and Príncipe Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Somalia South Africa (1961–1994) South Africa (1994 – ) South Sudan Sri Lanka The Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syria Tajikistan Tanzania Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Titles for non-heads of state As head of government Some countries with parliamentary systems use a term meaning/translating as 'president' (in some languages indistinguishable from chairman) for the head of parliamentary government, often as President of the Government, President of the Council of Ministers or President of the Executive Council. However, such an official is explicitly not the president of the country. Rather, he/she is called a president in an older sense of the word, to denote the fact that he/she heads the cabinet. A separate head of state generally exists in their country that instead serves as the president or monarch of the country. Thus, such officials are really premiers, and to avoid confusion are often described simply as 'prime minister' when being mentioned internationally. There are several examples for this kind of presidency: The official title of the Italian Prime Minister is President of the Council of Ministers (Italian Presidente del Consiglio dei Ministri) Under the French Third and the Fourth Republics, the "President of the Council" (of ministers – or prime minister) was the head of government, with the President of the Republic a largely symbolic figurehead. The Prime minister of the Irish Free State from 1922 to 1937 was titled President of the Executive Council of the Irish Free State. At the same time, the Irish Free State was a constitutional monarchy with a reigning monarch, the King of Ireland, as well as a resident Governor-General carrying out many head of state functions. Under the constitutional monarchies of Brazil and Portugal, the President of the Council of Ministers (Portuguese Presidente do Conselho de Ministros) was the head of government, with the Monarch being the head of State. Under the Portuguese First and Second Republics, the head of government was the President of the Ministry (Portuguese Presidente do Ministério) and then the President of the Council of Ministers, with the President of the Republic as the head of State. The Prime Minister of Spain is officially referred to as the President of the Government of Spain, and informally known as the "president". Spain is also a kingdom with a reigning king. The official title of the Polish prime minister is President of the Council of Ministers (Polish Prezes Rady Ministrów) In British constitutional practice, the chairman of an Executive Council, acting in such a capacity, is known as a President of the Executive Council. Usually this person is the Governor and it always stays like that. Between 1918 and 1934, Estonia had no separate head of state. Both Prime Ministers (1918-1920) and State Elders (1920-1934) often translated as "Presidents") were elected by the parliament. Other executive positions Sub-national President can also be the title of the chief executive at a lower administrative level, such as the parish presidents of the parishes of the U.S. state of Louisiana, the presiding member of city council for villages in the U.S. state of Illinois, or the municipal presidents of Mexico's municipalities. Perhaps the best known sub-national presidents are the borough presidents of the Five Boroughs of New York City. In the early years of the United States, some states had "Presidents" as well, instead of "Governors". Poland In Poland the President of the City (Polish: Prezydent miasta) is the executive authority of the municipality elected in direct elections, the equivalent of the mayor. The Office of the President (Mayor) is also found in Germany and Switzerland . United Kingdom The Lord President of the Council is one of the Great Officers of State in England who presides over meetings of British Privy Council; the Cabinet headed by the Prime Minister is technically a committee of the Council, and all decisions of the Cabinet are formally approved through Orders in Council. Although the Lord President is a member of the Cabinet, the position is largely a ceremonial one and is traditionally given to either the Leader of the House of Commons or the Leader of the House of Lords. In Alderney, the elected head of government is called the President of the States of Alderney. Spain In Spain, the executive leaders of the autonomous communities (regions) are called presidents. In each community, the can be called Presidente de la Comunidad or Presidente del Consejo among others. They are elected by their respective regional assemblies and have similar powers to a state president or governor. Deputies Below a President, there can be a number of or "Vice Presidents" (or occasionally "Deputy Presidents") and sometimes several "Assistant Presidents" or "Assistant Vice Presidents", depending on the organisation and its size. These posts do not hold the same power but more of a subordinate position to the president. However, power can be transferred in special circumstances to the Deputy or Vice President. Normally Vice Presidents hold some power and special responsibilities below that of the President. The difference between Vice/Deputy Presidents and Assistant/Associate Vice Presidents is the former are legally allowed to run an organisation, exercising the same powers (as well as being second in command) whereas the latter are not. Legislatures In some countries the speaker of their unicameral legislatures, or of one or both houses of bicameral legislatures, the speakers have the title of President of "the body". France In French legal terminology, the president of a court consisting of multiple judges is the foremost judge; he chairs the meeting of the court and directs the debates (and this thus addressed as "Mrs President", "Madame la Présidente", Mr President", or Monsieur le Président. In general, a court comprises several chambers, each with its own president; thus the most senior of these is called the "first president" (as in: "the First President of the Court of Cassation is the most senior judge in France"). Similarly in English legal practice the most senior judge in each division uses this title (e.g. President of the Family Division, President of the Court of Appeal). United Kingdom In the recently established Supreme Court of the United Kingdom, the most senior judge is called the President of the Supreme Court. The Lady/Lord President of the Court of Session is head of the judiciary in Scotland, and presiding judge (and Senator) of the College of Justice and Court of Session, as well as being Lady/Lord Justice General of Scotland and head of the High Court of Justiciary, the offices having been combined in 1784. See also Mr. President (title) Presidents Day Requirements for becoming a president Vice president Head of state: Head of state Governor-General Monarch List of state leaders Other head of government: Prime minister Minister-President (a head of government, not of state) References [show] v t e Primary professional titles in English [show] v t e Titles used for heads of government Categories: Presidents Chief executive officers Corporate executives Heads of state Management occupations Positions of authority Titles Etymologies Experience the luxury of Chili' Microfurr! Shorts, Spicy' Furrkinnis & Accesories! 2014-2015 SponsorsChilis-logo Chili's Bar & Grill (Broadway Ave, Boise, ID, across from Albertson's Stadium, formerly Bronco Stadium), Five Guys Burgers & Fries (N. Milwaukee, Boise, ID), Dale's Auto Care (Vista Ave, Boise, ID), Hank Stevens Painting (W. Canterbury Dr, Boise, ID),Heirloom Dance Studio (W. 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