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227's™ YouTube Chili' Dallas Chili' Cowboys @ Taco Bell Breakfast NFL NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' Dallas Chili' Cowboys @ Taco Bell Breakfast NFL NBA Mix! AT&T Stadium From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Dallas Cowboys Stadium) Not to be confused with AT&T Park in San Francisco; AT&T Center in San Antonio; AT&T Field in Chattanooga, TN; Jones AT&T Stadium in Lubbock, TX; or AT&T Field at War Memorial Stadium in Little Rock, AR. AT&T Stadium Cowboys Stadium, Jerry World, The Death Star Cowboys stadium.JPG Exterior, July 2009 Former names Cowboys Stadium (2009–2013) 227's™ YouTube Chili' Taco Chili' Bell Breakfast Menu REVIEW! NFL NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili'Dallas Chili' Cowboys Best Highlights NFL NBA Mix! Location One Legends Way Arlington, Texas 76011[1] United States Coordinates 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″WCoordinates: 32°44′52″N 97°5′34″W Owner City of Arlington[2] Operator Dallas Cowboys Executive suites 342[3] Capacity Football: 80,000 (expandable to 105,000 with standing room)[4][5] Record attendance Football: 105,121 September 21, 2009 Dallas Cowboys vs. New York Giants Basketball: 108,713 February 14, 2010 2010 NBA All-Star Game Boxing: 50,994 March 13, 2010 Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey Surface Matrix artificial turf[6] Construction Broke ground September 20, 2005 Opened May 27, 2009[14] Construction cost $ 1.3 billion[7] ($1.43 billion in 2014 dollars[8]) Architect HKS, Inc.[9] Project manager Blue Star Development/Jack Hill[10] Structural engineer Walter P Moore Engineers and Consultants Campbell & Associates Consulting Engineers, Inc.[11] Services engineer M-E Engineers, Inc.[12] General contractor Manhattan/Rayco/3i[13] Tenants Dallas Cowboys (NFL) (2009 – present) Cotton Bowl Classic (NCAA FBS) (2009 – present) AT&T Stadium, previously known as Cowboys Stadium, is a city-owned stadium with a retractable roof in Arlington, Texas, United States. It serves as the home of the Dallas Cowboys of the National Football League. It replaced the partially covered Texas Stadium, which opened in 1971 and served as the Cowboys' home through the 2008 season. It was completed on May 27, 2009. The facility can also be used for a variety of other activities outside of its main purpose (professional football) such as concerts, basketball games, college football and high school football contests, soccer matches, and motocross races. The stadium is sometimes referred to as "Jerry World" after Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones, who originally envisioned it as a large entertainment mecca.[15] The stadium seats 80,000, making it the third largest stadium in the NFL by seating capacity. The maximum capacity of the stadium, including standing room, is 105,121. The Party Pass (open areas) sections are behind seats in each end zone and on a series of six elevated platforms connected by stairways.[4][16] It also has the world's largest column-free interior and the fourth largest high definition video screen, which hangs from 20-yard line to 20-yard line.[17] Contents 1 Construction and design 2 Criticism 3 Timeline 3.1 Opening 4 Naming 5 Video Board 6 Major events 6.1 NBA All-Star Weekend 6.2 NFL 6.3 College football 6.3.1 Big 12 Championship Game 6.3.2 Cotton Bowl Classic 6.3.3 Cowboys Classic 6.3.4 Southwest Classic 6.3.5 Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout 6.4 Basketball 6.5 Soccer 6.5.1 Matches at AT&T Stadium 6.6 Other events 7 Concessions and merchandising 8 Stadium Art Program 9 Parking 10 Notes 11 External links Construction and design The stadium was designed by the Dallas architectural firm HKS, Inc.[18] Besides the Cowboys, the new stadium is used by college football teams and other organizations for other sporting and non-sporting events. The Cotton Bowl Classic was moved to the stadium beginning in 2010.[19] AT&T Stadium – Interior Originally estimated to cost $650 million, the stadium's current construction cost was $1.15 billion,[20] making it one of the most expensive sports venues ever built. To aid Cowboys owner and general manager Jerry Jones in paying the construction costs of the new stadium, Arlington voters approved the increase of the city's sales tax by 0.5 percent, the hotel occupancy tax by 2 percent, and car rental tax by 5 percent. The City of Arlington provided over $325 million (including interest) in bonds as funding,[20][21] and Jones covered any cost overruns. Also, the NFL provided the Cowboys with an additional $150 million loan, following its policy for facilitating financing for the construction of new stadiums.[22] A pair of nearly 300 ft (91 m)-tall arches spans the length of the stadium dome, anchored to the ground at each end. The new stadium also includes "more than 3,000 Sony LCD displays throughout the luxury suites, concourses, concession areas and more, offering fans viewing options that extend beyond the action on the field".[23] and a center-hung video display board that was the largest high-definition television screen in the world.[24] It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Texas Motor Speedway.[25] Glass doors, allowing each end zone to be opened, were designed and constructed by Dallas-based Haley-Greer glass systems. The retractable roof was designed by structural engineering firm Walter P Moore and the systems were implemented by mechanization consultants Uni-Systems. The electrification of Cowboys Stadium's retractable roof was developed by VAHLE, Inc.[26] These Kinetic Architecture fundamentals will be employed in order to create quick conversions of the facility to accommodate a variety of events. When the design was officially unveiled on December 12, 2006, it showed that, from inside the stadium, the roof (membrane installed by K Post Company of Dallas)[27] will look very similar to the Texas Stadium roof, with its trademark hole. However, it can be covered by the retractable roof panel to protect against the elements. A Dallas Cowboys Hall of Fame is planned for the Hall of Fame level. The drawings also include a site for a large sculpture northeast of the stadium, close to Randol Mill Road. Criticism The stadium is the only NFL stadium that is completely inaccessible via public transportation, including bus, light rail, or people mover systems.[dubious – discuss] This is partly because for a long time, Arlington was the largest city in the United States with no mass transit system; much of the sales tax money that would normally go towards building one is being used to pay for both AT&T Stadium and Rangers Ballpark in Arlington[28] Even with the construction of the MAX bus system, the only way to get to the stadium is via car or private shuttle. On September 1, 2012, thousands of fans were forced to wait in hours-long taxi lines after the Alabama vs. Michigan football game.[29] Mayor Robert Cluck claimed to use eminent domain as a last resort but most of the properties refused to sell to the city, indicating that the incentive program as not adequate according to Glenn Sodd, an attorney representing some home owners in the area. Attorney Bob Cohen, who is representing some of the property owners, said the city gave many of his clients little incentive to sell. He said he represents the owners of some rental properties who were counting on that monthly revenue for their retirement and said most homeowners can't afford to re-build or buy in that area with the incentive package.[30] Timeline 1994: Cowboys owner Jerry Jones says he wants to expand the 65,000-seat Texas Stadium by up to 40,000 seats, add retractable roof panels and install a climate-control system to make the stadium a year-round venue for sporting events, including the Super Bowl, concerts, and conventions. 1997–2000: The Cowboys hold preliminary talks with Arlington officials about building a stadium there. The team also publicly discusses a $260 million plan to upgrade Texas Stadium. In 2000, the Cowboys compile a list of potential stadium sites, which include Grapevine, Coppell, and Arlington. The team continues negotiating with Irving to renovate Texas Stadium. 2001: Jones says Arlington is a leading contender for a $500 million stadium. The primary site considered is the 2,000 acres (810 ha) Lakes of Arlington tract on Farm Road 157. Other cities in the running include Grapevine and Grand Prairie. In October, Jones discusses the new stadium with the mayors of Arlington, Irving, Grapevine, and Dallas. 2003: The Cowboys ask the Irving City Council to extend their lease at Texas Stadium, which expires at the end of the 2008 season, on a year-to-year basis. They narrow their search to sites in Las Colinas and Dallas, and state legislators file bills that would allow Dallas County to increase its hotel occupancy and car rental taxes to pay for a new stadium. 2004: In April, the Cowboys announce plans to build a $650 million stadium at Fair Park in Dallas. The deal requires $425 million in public financing from a 3 percent hotel-occupancy tax and a 6 percent car-rental tax. The deal falls apart in June when Dallas County commissioners say they cannot justify asking voters to approve the team's request for $425 million in public funding. In July, the Cowboys and Arlington announce they are negotiating to locate the stadium near Globe Life Park (then Ameriquest Field). In August, the Arlington City Council agrees unanimously to put before voters a tax increase that would fund the city's $325 million portion of the project. Voters approve the tax increase on November 2. 2005: Arlington and the Cowboys choose the site south of Randol Mill Road and east of Collins Street for the new stadium. The city begins notifying residents and property owners of its plans to acquire their property. The Cowboys hire the HKS architectural firm to design the stadium. Early blueprints show 414 luxury suites and a two-panel retractable roof. The city completes its sale of $297.9 million in bonds to pay for its portion of the construction. Demolition of houses begins November 1. January 2006: The Cowboys hired Oklahoma-based Manhattan Construction as the general contractor for the stadium and the city completes its land purchases, although it still faces a number of lawsuits over land acquisition. Later that month, Tarrant County work crews begin demolition of more than 150 Arlington residences and small business structures to make room for the stadium.[31] March 2006: Alliance announced between Manhattan Construction and two general contractors, Rayco Construction of Grand Prairie and 3i Construction of Dallas, to manage the stadium's construction.[32] April 2006: Excavation begins by Mario Sinacola and Sons Excavating. By August, they had moved over 1.4 million cubic yards of earth, shaping a 13-to-14-acre (5.3 to 5.7 ha) stadium bowl an average of 54 feet (16 m) deep.[33] August 2006: Two construction cranes are raised on the site. October 2006: The grass amphitheater on Randol Mill Road is leveled to make way for the extension of Baird Farm Road. December 2006: The stadium's structure begins to go up and on December 12, Jerry Jones unveils the in-depth plans and designs of the stadium to the public. January 2007: A construction worker is injured in a 20 ft (6 m) fall.[34] February 2007: Masonry work begins. March 2007: Heldenfels Enterprises awarded the contract to manufacture and erect the pre-cast/pre-stressed concrete structural components and placement of them begins in April.[35] June 2007: Work on the retractable roof, designed by Uni-Systems, starts. July 2007: Exterior facade and enclosure work began. October 2007: First steel arch is completed. Armed Forces Color Guard at Super Bowl XLV February 2008: Second steel arch is completed. June 2008: Jones commissions the world's largest 1080p HDTV,[36] to hang above field. June 2008: An electrician is electrocuted while working on the stadium. Two days before, three people were injured while assembling a crane. 2009: The stadium is scheduled for 'substantial completion' in June. The artificial-turf field was brought into the stadium in July. The Cowboys played their first pre-season home game on August 21 and their first regular-season home game on Sunday, September 20. May 13, 2009: Jerry Jones announced the official name of the new venue as Cowboys Stadium.[37] February 6, 2011: The 2010 NFL Season Super Bowl was hosted at the Cowboys Stadium, which saw the Green Bay Packers defeat the Pittsburgh Steelers in Super Bowl XLV. July 25, 2013: Jerry Jones announced that the official name of the venue was changed to AT&T Stadium as part of a naming rights deal. April 5–7, 2014: The stadium is home for the Final Four of the 2014 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament. January 12, 2015: Will serve as host of the first National Bowl College Championship game in the College Football Playoff era. Opening May 27, 2009: Completed and opened to the public. Ribbon cutting ceremony includes Cowboys players (including Rayfield Wright, Troy Aikman, Emmitt Smith, Michael Irvin, Darryl Johnston, Preston Pearson, and Chad Hennings), North Texas mayors and various media personalities. June 6, 2009: Country music star George Strait along with Reba McEntire headlined the first event in the new stadium.[38] Opening acts included Blake Shelton and Lee Ann Womack. July 19, 2009: The first sporting event is held in Cowboys Stadium. Costa Rica won in the Gold Cup Quarterfinal game versus Guadeloupe, with the first goal scored in stadium history during the 2nd minute by Celso Borges. That match was immediately followed by a sold out match between Mexico and Haiti, with 82,252 in attendance. July 26, 2009: The final match of the 2009 World Football Challenge is held between Chelsea F.C. and Club America. The London club won the match 2-0 in front of 57,229. The event was the second sporting event held in the new stadium, but was notable as the first event held during a severe thunderstorm.[39] August 20, 2009: Jody Dean, a member of the Texas Radio Hall of Fame and KLUV-FM (98.7) talk show host, will be Cowboys Stadium's public address announcer. Dean replaces KTCK 1310 AM "The Ticket"'s George Dunham, the longtime voice of Texas Stadium.[40] August 21, 2009: The Cowboys played the Tennessee Titans in their first preseason home game and first American football game ever played at Cowboys Stadium. The game was nationally televised on FOX at 7 PM CDT.[41] Dallas won the game 30–10, with one play from scrimmage blown dead when a ball punted by Titans' rookie punter A. J. Trapasso struck the main video screen after repeatedly striking it during pregame warmups. September 20, 2009: The Cowboys played their first NFL regular season game in the new stadium, with former President and Texas resident George W. Bush handling the opening coin toss. The Cowboys lost to their long-time NFC East division rivals, the New York Giants, 33–31 with Eli Manning leading them on a last second field goal by Lawrence Tynes. It was televised on NBC.[42] This game attracted a record-breaking crowd of 105,121.[43] After the game, Manning signed the wall of the visitor's locker room with the message, "First win in the New Stadium".[44] September 28, 2009: The Cowboys got their first home regular season win. They beat the Carolina Panthers 21–7 with 90,588 in attendance. The game was televised on ESPN's Monday Night Football and marked a record 42nd win for the Cowboys on MNF.[45] Naming Although the stadium had yet to sell naming rights, many fans started referring to the project with various nicknames such as JerryWorld,[37][46][47][48] the "Death Star",[49] "The Palace in Dallas" (for which announcer Bob Costas was criticized by the Arlington mayor[50]), "Cowboys Cathedral",[51] "Jerrassic Park" and others.[52] There was also a petition by some fans to have the stadium named after longtime Cowboys' coach Tom Landry. On May 13, 2009, Jerry Jones announced the official name as Cowboys Stadium.[37] On July 25, 2013, Jerry Jones announced that the Dallas Cowboys had agreed to grant naming rights to AT&T, changing the name of Cowboys Stadium to AT&T Stadium, effective immediately.[53] The sponsorship deal was reported to be worth about $17–19 million per year.[54] This is AT&T's fourth major sports venue where it holds the naming rights, which includes San Francisco's AT&T Park, San Antonio's AT&T Center, and Jones AT&T Stadium in Lubbock. Facility Solutions Group installed the "AT&T Stadium" letters on the top of the stadium. Signage includes two sets of 43-foot-tall letters stretching 385 feet. The letters are made of lightweight components and aluminum and are insulated and heated to melt ice and snow.[55] Video Board Guinness World Records was on hand at the September 28, 2009 game against the Carolina Panthers to award certificates to the Chairman of Mitsubishi Electric and Dallas Cowboys owner Jerry Jones for the World's Largest High-Definition Video Display.[24] For basketball events played in Cowboys Stadium, such as the 2010 NBA All-Star Game, the video board is actually larger than the court. It has since been surpassed in size by the video board at Charlotte Motor Speedway and the video display at NRG Stadium. During the debut preseason game of Cowboys Stadium on August 21, 2009, a punt by Tennessee Titans punter A. J. Trapasso hit the 2,100 in. screen above the field. The punt deflected backwards and was ruled in-play until Titans coach Jeff Fisher informed the officials that the punt struck the scoreboard. By rule, the down was replayed. Cowboys owner Jerry Jones believes that Trapasso was trying to hit the scoreboard, saying "If you look at how you punt the football, unless you're trying to hit the scoreboard, you punt the ball to get downfield. You certainly want to get some hangtime, but you punt the ball to get downfield, and you sure don't punt the ball down the middle. You punt it off to the side."[56] Whether the screen would affect an opposing team's punting strategy has been debated. For teams with strategies centered on maximizing hang-time, physicist Christopher Moore of Longwood University has shown via computer simulation that well-kicked punts have the potential to hit the screen no matter the field position.[57] Trapasso disputed Jones' suggestion that he was intentionally trying to hit the board, and other NFL punters have suggested that the board may pose a problem for longer hang-time punts. The screen was retrofitted with 16 custom winches using 11,000 ft. of 1-1/2" domestic galvanized wire rope to accomplish the safe, efficient transport of the video board in time to make room for U2's massive set during their 360° Tour, and was moved back down after the concert.[citation needed] The video board is also the primary attachment point for up to 370,000 pounds of concert and theatrical rigging.[citation needed] On August 24, 2013, Cowboys punter Chris Jones became the second player to hit the scoreboard. He would concede a touchdown on the re-kick.[58] Major events NBA All-Star Weekend On February 14, 2010, the stadium hosted the 2010 NBA All-Star Game. With an announced crowd of 108,713, the game became the highest-attended basketball game in history, setting a new Guinness World Record. The East squad prevailed with a 141–139 victory over the West.[59] NFL Cowboys playing at Cowboys Stadium On January 3, 2010, the Cowboys defeated the Philadelphia Eagles in a 24 – 0 shutout to win the NFC East division title and complete the first ever back-to-back shutouts in franchise history.[60] On January 9, 2010, the Cowboys hosted their first playoff game in the new stadium, again playing the Eagles. Dallas won 34–14, breaking their infamous 13-year playoff win drought. However a new drought has started, as since 2011 the Cowboys have not reached the playoffs. On February 6, 2011, the stadium hosted Super Bowl XLV. Others bidding for the game's location were the University of Phoenix Stadium in Glendale, Arizona and Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis, Indiana.[61] The Cowboys attempted to increase its capacity to 105,000 seats in hopes of setting the record for attendance at a Super Bowl. In a last-minute rush to add seats during one of the area's notorious ice-storms, seven construction workers were injured by ice sliding off of the stadium roof.[62] Hours before kickoff, over 1,200 seats were blocked off in the interest of safety; according to a police officer in the affected area, the seats hadn't been finished in time for the fire marshal to inspect them.[63] Approximately 800 people were given other seats inside the stadium, thus costing the NFL any chance of setting the Super Bowl attendance record (the final figure of 103,219 came 766 short of the record set in Super Bowl XIV). However, about 400 people were unable to be seated and were given a letter from the NFL that could be exchanged for three times the face value of the ticket. Those people were also given the option to either watch on a TV in one of the stadium's lounges, where they would be unable to see the field in person, or watch on screens outside the stadium. The NFL also announced that those 400 people would receive free tickets to the next year's Super Bowl. On February 9, 2011, the first lawsuit was filed against the NFL and Jerry Jones.[64] College football Big 12 Championship Game Main article: Big 12 Championship Game University of Texas marching band during the Big 12 Championship game December 5, 2009: The Texas Longhorns defeated the Nebraska Cornhuskers 13–12 in the 2009 Big 12 Championship Game, the first to be held in the stadium. Attendance was 76,211.[65] December 4, 2010: The final Big 12 Championship game is held at the stadium. The Oklahoma Sooners and Nebraska Cornhuskers rekindle their rivalry as the Sooners win 23–20. The Big 12 championship game is no longer held because of NCAA rules requiring that a conference have twelve members in order to stage a football title game. Two members left the conference in 2011, reducing the number of teams to 10. Cotton Bowl Classic Main article: Cotton Bowl Classic January 2, 2010: In the first bowl game played at the stadium, the Ole Miss Rebels defeated the Oklahoma State Cowboys by a score of 21–7 in the 74th installment of the AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic. Attendance was 77,928 and was the third largest attendance of any preceding Cotton Bowl game. With Oklahoma State having played in the Cotton Bowl, all Big 12 South Teams have played at least one game in the Cowboys Stadium.[66] January 7, 2011: In the 75th installment of the AT&T Cotton Bowl Classic, the LSU Tigers by a score of 41–24 defeated the Texas A&M Aggies with an outstanding attendance of 83,514 making it the second largest attendance in Cotton Bowl history. LSU finished with an 11–2 record Texas A&M finished 9–4 making it their 49th meeting all time. January 6, 2012: The Arkansas Razorbacks defeated Kansas State Wildcats by a score of 29 - 16. Attendance was 80,956, currently the third-highest attendance in Cotton Bowl history. During the game, Arkansas receiver Joe Adams returned a punt 51 yards for a touchdown, which was the first punt return for a touchdown in the Cotton Bowl since former Arkansas Razorback Lance Alworth returned a punt 49 yards for a touchdown in a 7-6 loss to Duke in 1961. The win also propelled the Razorbacks to a #5 ranking in the final AP poll and gave them their first 11-win season since joining the Southeastern Conference in 1991. Kansas State ended the season with a 10-3 record and ranked #15 in the final AP poll. January 4, 2013: The #10 Texas A&M Aggies defeated the #12 Oklahoma Sooners 41–13 to finish the season with an 11–2 record. Johnny Manziel rushed for 229 yards (on just 17 carries) during the game, a Cotton Bowl record and national bowl record for a quarterback, rushing for two touchdowns and throwing for two more. Manziel totaled 516 total yards also a Cotton Bowl record. Though the halftime score was 14–13 Texas A&M, the Aggies went on to score 27 unanswered second half points to win the game. The game's attendance of 87,025 is the second highest in Cotton Bowl history, behind the 2009 game between Mississippi-Texas Tech at 88,175. Cowboys Classic Main article: Cowboys Classic September 5, 2009: The #20 Brigham Young University Cougars and #3 Oklahoma Sooners played the first college football game in the new stadium, with the Cougars upsetting the Sooners, 14–13, in front of 75,437 spectators.[67] September 4, 2010: #6 TCU defeated #24 Oregon State 30–21, before a crowd of 46,138, in a season-opening encounter between ranked teams.[68] September 3, 2011: #4 LSU defeated #3 Oregon 40–27, before a crowd of 87,711 in the third installment of the Cowboys Classic. September 1, 2012: #2 Alabama defeated #8 Michigan 41-14, before a crowd of 90,413 in the fourth installment of the Cowboys Classic. August 31, 2013: #12 LSU defeated #20 TCU 37-27, before a crowd of 80,230 in the fifth installment of the Cowboys Classic. August 30, 2014: #1 Florida State defeated unranked Oklahoma State 37-31, before a crowd of ____ in the sixth installment of the Cowboys Classic. Southwest Classic Main article: Arkansas – Texas A&M rivalry The Arkansas Razorbacks vs. Texas A&M Aggies football rivalry, which dates back to 1903, was renewed in 2009 as the Southwest Classic which is played annually in Cowboys Stadium. In 2012, Texas A&M joined Arkansas in the Southeastern Conference, and the series will take a two-year break from Cowboys Stadium, moving to Kyle Field in College Station, Texas for 2012 and Donald W. Reynolds Razorback Stadium in Fayetteville, Arkansas in 2013. The series is scheduled to return to Cowboys Stadium in 2014 and remain there through at least 2020. October 3, 2009: Cowboys owner Jerry Jones watched his alma mater, the Arkansas Razorbacks, defeat the Texas A&M Aggies 47–19 in the first of ten games called the Southwest Classic to be played at the stadium.[69] October 9, 2010: The Arkansas Razorbacks jumped out to an early 21-7 lead, and held on to defeat the Texas A&M Aggies by a score of 24-17.[70] October 1, 2011: The Arkansas Razorbacks rallied from an 18 point halftime deficit to defeat the Texas A&M Aggies 41-38.[71] Texas Farm Bureau Insurance Shootout In 2009, the Big 12 Conference game between the Baylor Bears and Texas Tech Red Raiders was held at Cowboys Stadium, the first time in the series the match-up was held on a neutral site. The game was the highest attended in the series' history, with 71,964 in attendance.[72] After the 2010 game was held at the Cotton Bowl in Fair Park, Dallas during the State Fair of Texas, the series will return to Cowboys Stadium for the 2011 and 2012 games. The series' neutral site contract at Cowboys Stadium could continue until 2014.[73] Basketball Cowboys Stadium being set up for Texas vs. North Carolina game December 19, 2009: In the first college basketball game at the stadium, before a crowd of 38,052, the Texas Longhorns defeated the defending national champion North Carolina Tar Heels, 103–90.[74] March 2013: 2013 NCAA Tournament South Regional featuring 3 games with the winner of the third going to the NCAA Men's Final Four[75] 2014: 2014 NCAA Men's Final Four[76] Soccer July 19, 2009 – Cowboys Stadium hosted two matches in the quarterfinal round of the 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Costa Rica defeated Guadeloupe, 5–1. Mexico shut out Haiti, 4–0 in front of 85,000 fans. July 17, 2010 – On July 17, 2010, two of the top professional soccer clubs in Mexico – Club America and San Luis F.C. – will compete in a friendly at Cowboys Stadium. Club America will be making its second appearance at Cowboys Stadium. In 2009, Club America played Chelsea FC in the World Football Challenge in front of 57,229 fans at Cowboys Stadium.[77] September 9, 2010 – FIFA inspectors and commissioners of the U.S. soccer federation visited the stadium to be possible one of the venues of the 2022 FIFA World Cup which it remained Qatar. June 5, 2011 – Cowboys Stadium hosted the opening matches of the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup. Costa Rica defeated Cuba 5–0 in the opener, while Mexico defeated El Salvador 5–0 in the nightcap in front of 80,108 fans. August 6, 2011 – 2011 World Football Challenge; Club America vs FC Barcelona; score 2-0 in front of 60,087 fans. June 3, 2012 - Cowboys Stadium hosted a soccer match in which Mexico played against 5-time world cup champions Brazil. Mexico defeated Brazil 2–0 thanks to goals from Giovani dos Santos and Javier Hernández Balcázar. July 24, 2013 - Cowboys Stadium hosted the semifinals matches of the 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup. United States defeated Honduras 3-1 and Panama defeated Mexico 2-1 last game with the name of Cowboys Stadium, It is the first appearance of the U.S. soccer team at this stadium, will remember that the November 21, 1991 only played one match against Costa Rica in Texas Stadium of Irving. Matches at AT&T Stadium Date Competition Team Result Team Spectators 19 July 2009 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup Guadeloupe 1-5 Costa Rica 85.000 Mexico 4-0 Haiti 26 July 2009 2009 World Football Challenge England Chelsea FC 2-0 Mexico Club America 57.229 17 July 2010 Friendly Mexico Club America 0-3 Mexico San Luis F.C. 57,229 5 June 2011 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup Cuba 0-5 Costa Rica 80,108 Mexico 5-0 El Salvador 6 August 2011 2011 World Football Challenge Spain FC Barcelona 2-0 Mexico Club America 60.087 3 June 2012 Friendly Mexico 2-0 Brazil 84.519 24 July 2013 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup United States 3-1 Honduras 81,410 Mexico 1-2 Panama 31 May 2014 Friendly Mexico 3-1 Ecuador 84,876 Other events June 6, 2009 – Country music legend George Strait headlined in a summer concert at the opening of Cowboys Stadium along with performances by Reba McEntire, Blake Shelton, and Lee Ann Womack. 60,188 fans were in attendance, with the stadium project not entirely complete. June 20, 2009 – The Jonas Brothers kicked off their 2009 World Tour at the stadium, with Honor Society, Jessie James, Jordin Sparks & Wonder Girls as their opening acts. August 19, 2009 – Paul McCartney concluded his Summer Live '09 Tour at the stadium. This concert was the first official stadium event after the city of Arlington declared the stadium open. September 7, 2009 - The first High School football game played at Cowboy Stadium was between Euless Trinity and Bingham High School (Utah). Trinity won 42-21 October 12, 2009 – U2 brought their 360° Tour to Cowboys Stadium, with Muse as their opening act. To make room for the large claw shaped stage, the video board was raised 25 feet (7.6 m) and was not used during the concert.[78] November 12, 2009 – The first Texas high school football playoff game played at Cowboys Stadium was between Bowie High School (Arlington, Texas) and Richland High School (North Richland Hills; Texas).[79] February 2010 – The Professional Bull Riders hosted the Dickies Iron Cowboy Invitational in February 2010.[80] February 2010 – The first MDA Muscle Walk in the Dallas/Fort Worth area takes place. This event was held annually, having returned in 2011, 2012, and 2013. That event is now moving to Globe Life Park in Arlington (formerly Rangers Ballpark) starting in 2014. Several participants walk at the 2013 DFW MDA Muscle Walk. February 27, 2010 – The stadium hosted their first Monster Jam event with 11 trucks. This event is now held annually, having returned in 2011 and scheduled for 2012. March 13, 2010 – In a fight billed as "The Event", before a crowd of 50,994, Manny Pacquiao records a unanimous decision over Joshua Clottey to retain his WBO welterweight title; Humberto Soto records a unanimous decision over David Diaz to capture the vacant WBC lightweight title.[81] November 13, 2010 – Manny Pacquiao defeats Antonio Margarito in Cowboys Stadium. June 30, 2011 – The final round of the 2011 US Women's Open in bowling was played at Cowboys Stadium,[82] with Leanne Hulsenberg winning. Dec. 7-Dec. 17, 2011 -Cowboys Stadium hosted all the Texas 11-man football State Championships for the first time It was also the first time all 11-man State Championships were held in one location. April 28, 2012 - Cowboys Stadium hosted the first opera simulcast in a sports venue in northern Texas when the Dallas Opera's performance of Mozart's "The Magic Flute" was broadcast to an audience of about 15,000 on the Cowboys Stadium video screen from a closed-circuit feed of the live performance at the Winspear Opera House in Dallas about twenty-five miles away.[83] May 25, 2013 - Taylor Swift plays a sold out show to 53,020 people as apart of the North American leg of her Red Tour. This show marked her second sellout at AT&T Stadium. April 26, 2014 - AT&T stadium will host the Senior prom of South Garland High School. June 7, 2014 George Strait performed his last show ever at the stadium to wrap up the "The Cowboy Rides Away Tour". With Jason Aldean, Alan Jackson, Martina McBride, Kenny Chesney and many more to be openers for his "last show ever". Over 104,793 fans came to see his last concert and breaking the world record as the largest indoor originally set at a 1981 Rolling Stones concert at 87,500 fans at the Louisiana Superdome. June 27-29, 2014 - International Assembly of Jehovah's Witnesses July 22, 2014 - Beyoncé and Jay-Z performed at the stadium as part of their co-headlining On the Run Tour. July 25-27, 2014 - International Assembly of Jehovah's Witnesses August 24 , 2014 - One Direction performed at the stadium as part of their headlining Where We Are Tour. Concessions and merchandising On October 20, 2008, Cowboys owner Jones and then New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner announced a joint business venture called Legends Hospitality Management LLC which would operate the concessions and merchandising sales at the new Cowboys stadium in Arlington, Texas, and at the new Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, New York, along with the stadiums of the Yankees' minor league affiliates. Former Pizza Hut President Michael Rawlings will run the company from its new headquarters in Newark, New Jersey. The company was also backed by Wall Street investment firm Goldman Sachs and Dallas private equity firm CIC Partners LP.[84][85][86] Stadium Art Program The Jones family commissioned 18 contemporary artists to create site-specific artworks for the stadium. The stadium features paintings, sculptures, and installations by Franz Ackerman, Doug Aitken, Ricci Albenda, Mel Bochner, Daniel Buren, Olafur Eliasson, Teresita Fernandez, Wayne Gonzales, Terry Haggerty, Trenton Doyle Hancock, Jacqueline Humphries, Jim Isermann, Annette Lawrence, Dave Muller, Gary Simmons, and Lawrence Weiner.[87] Parking The fees for premium parking at Dallas Cowboys games are estimated at $75 per game, based on season ticket holder parking charges.[88] The fees to park at major concerts and other sporting events will be nearly $40 per space at the new stadium.[89] A shuttle operates between the T&P Station and Cowboys Stadium for all Cowboys regular season and postseason games and selected college football games,[90] which averages approximately 900 riders per game.[90] For special events like Super Bowl XLV parking prices can increase to as much as $990.[91] Notes "Guest Info". Stadium.dallascowboys.com. Retrieved October 27, 2010. "FAQ About Dallas Cowboys Project" (PDF). City of Irving. November 4, 2004. Retrieved June 19, 2008.[dead link] http://www.seats3d.com/nfl/dallas_cowboys/#/level_4/ The new Dallas Cowboys Stadium AT&T Stadium "New Dallas Cowboys Stadium selects SoftTop grass system from Hellas Construction" (PDF). Dallascowboysturf.com. Hellas Construction. Retrieved May 22, 2009.[dead link] Mosley, Matt (September 15, 2008). "Jones building a legacy with $1.3 billion Cowboys stadium". Retrieved November 28, 2008. Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–2014. Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved February 27, 2014. Cowboys Stadium Inspiration: Team Owner Travels World for Design Ideas Going Long - Modern Steel Construction M-E Engineers, Inc. - Projects[dead link] "Cowboys Select Contractor For New Stadium". Dallascowboys.com. January 31, 2006. Retrieved May 12, 2012.[dead link] "Cowboys Stadium Holds Ribbon Cutting Ceremony". Dallascowboys.com. May 27, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2009.[dead link] "What Costs $1.3 Billion, Holds 111,000 people and Has the World’s Biggest TV?". twistedsifter.com. September 22, 2009. Retrieved March 30, 2014. "Dallas Cowboys Target NFL Record by Making Fans Stand for $29". Bloomberg.com. August 3, 2009. Retrieved July 5, 2010. "Cowboys' new stadium to get over 20,000 square feet of video screen". Engadget. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "Arlington Welcomes Dallas Cowboys Selections for New Stadium". City of Arlington. January 31, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2008.[dead link] "Cotton Bowl to move to new stadium in Arlington". ESPN.com. February 28, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008. "Cowboys Stadium". Football.ballparks.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "Local Government Services Database Search". Retrieved 2012-10-19. "Cowboys unveil plans for new stadium". ESPN.com. December 13, 2006. Retrieved January 15, 2008. "Dallas Cowboys New Stadium Chock Full Of Sony HD". Sony Insider. April 20, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2011. Chase, Chris (September 28, 2009). "Guinness World Records to Recognize Dallas Cowboys and Mitsubishi Electric Diamond Vision for World's Largest Video Display". finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved October 8, 2009.[dead link] Sports News & Articles – Scores, Pictures, Videos - ABC News "Stadium Systems & Technology : Vahle Electrification". Vahleinc.com. Retrieved May 28, 2012. "Snapshot: Key contracts awarded for Dallas Cowboys stadium". Dallas Business Journal. March 6, 2009. Retrieved April 16, 2009. Eskenazi, Joe (2010-10-29). "Arlington, Home of the Rangers, Largest City in U.S. Without Public Transit. Blame the Rangers.". SF Weekly. Retrieved 2012-10-19. Shon Gales (2012-09-02). "Cab chaos follows Alabama-Michigan game". WFAA. Retrieved 2012-10-19. Dallas Morning News: Arlington turning to eminent domain for stadium land.[dead link] "Demolition Started for Cowboys Stadium". Associated Construction Publications.[dead link] "Alliance Announced". Associated Construction Publications.[dead link] "All Up From Here". Associated Construction Publications.[dead link] "Construction Worker Remains Hospitalized". The Dallas Morning News.[dead link] "Heldenfels Awarded Contract". Associated Construction Publications.[dead link] "Dallas Slideshows – Cowboys Unveil World's Largest HDTV". Village Voice Media. "New Dallas Cowboys stadium to be called Cowboys Stadium". ESPN. May 13, 2009. Retrieved May 13, 2009. "George Strait to Headline Debut of Cowboys Stadium". CBS 11 News/AP. February 17, 2009. Retrieved February 23, 2009.[dead link] "CONCACAF Gold Cup Attendance Down Slightly From '07". SportsBusiness Daily. July 28, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2012. Archer, Todd (August 20, 2009). "Dean Named PA Announcer for Cowboys Stadium". The Dallas Morning News. Archived from the original on October 28, 2009. Retrieved August 20, 2009. "Titans to Host Bucs, Packers in Preseason". The City Paper (Nashville). March 31, 2009. Retrieved May 25, 2009. "NFL releases full regular-season schedule". yahoo.com. April 14, 2009.[dead link] "Football: NFL Sports News at wtvg". Abclocal.go.com. January 23, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011.[dead link] "A Sign of Conquest, Eli Manning's Signature, Remains at Cowboys Stadium". The Dallas Morning News. October 25, 2010. Retrieved May 27, 2012. "Cowboys shut down Panthers", ESPN.com, September 28, 2009. Retrieved on September 28, 2009. "Cowboys Hope New Home Brings NorCal Fans News10.net | Sacramento, California | Sports News". News10.net. June 21, 2009. Retrieved February 6, 2011. [1][dead link] Kreindler, Eric, Hoops Heaven at JerryWorld: Crews prepare for Texas basketball game, December 16, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2010. Drape, Joe (January 29, 2011). "For N.F.L., Lockout Would Be a Risky Strategy". The New York Times. "Costas reference to "the palace in Dallas" irks Arlington mayor". Cowboys Stadium Blog. Stadiumblog.dallasnews.com. September 22, 2009. Retrieved May 28, 2012. Popik, Barry (August 7, 2009). "The Big Apple: Cowboys Cathedral or Cathedral of Football (Dallas Cowboys Stadium in Arlington)". Barrypopik.com. Retrieved May 28, 2012. Mosley, Matt (May 22, 2007). "Indy, Arizona had no chance". ESPN.com. Retrieved January 15, 2008. "Cowboys Stadium now called AT&T Stadium after deal". NFL.com. July 25, 2013. Retrieved July 25, 2013. Staff reports (July 25, 2013). "Report: AT&T naming rights for Dallas Cowboys' stadium $17-19M a year". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved July 26, 2013. Nagy, Monica (3 March 2014). "Crews finish mounting massive ‘AT&T’ letters on Cowboys’ stadium". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved 22 June 2014. Chase, Chris (August 22, 2009). "Punt hits video screen at new Cowboys Stadium – Shutdown Corner – NFL – Yahoo! Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved August 26, 2009. Archer, Todd (August 25, 2009). "The Cowboys Stadium digital board is a hot topic". The Dallas Morning News.[dead link] Pre Wk 3 Can't-Miss Play: Cincinnati Bengals receiver Brandon Tate returns re-punt for touchdown "2010 All-Star Game recap". National Basketball Association. 2011-12-05. Retrieved 2012-11-03. "Dallas Cowboys Schedule at". Nfl.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. Spagnola, Mickey (May 22, 2007). "At Long Last, Super Bowl Coming To North Texas". DallasCowboys.com. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007. Retrieved January 15, 2008. Williams, Charean (January 29, 2012). "Super Bowl Bound to Return, But When?". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Retrieved May 21, 2012. Sickles, Jason. Fans denied access to seats for Super Bowl. Yahoo! Sports, 2011-02-06. "Super Bowl Seating Lawsuit: Why Jerry Jones Must Pay the Displaced Fans". February 9, 2011. Retrieved February 9, 2011. 8:00 PM ET, December 5, 2009Cowboy Stadium, ARLINGTON, TX (December 5, 2009). "Texas Longhorns vs. Nebraska Cornhuskers – Box Score – December 05, 2009 – ESPN". Scores.espn.go.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "Oklahoma State Official Athletic Site – Football". Okstate.com. January 2, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2011. Apr 14, 10:22 pm EDT (April 26, 2009). "NFL releases full regular-season schedule – NFL – Yahoo! Sports". Sports.yahoo.com. Retrieved May 5, 2009.[dead link] Oregon State vs TCU Stats [2] ESPN.com, October 3, 2009. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. [3] ESPN.com, October 9, 2010. [4] ESPN.com, October 1, 2011 6:00 PM ET, November 28, 2009Cowboy Stadium, ARLINGTON, TX (November 28, 2009). "Texas Tech Red Raiders vs. Baylor Bears – Box Score – November 28, 2009 – ESPN". Scores.espn.go.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "Baylor, Texas Tech to play football in Cowboys Stadium in 2011 | Texas Tech Red Raiders News - Sports News for Dallas, Texas - SportsDayDFW". The Dallas Morning News. February 23, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2012. "Official website of University of Texas Athletics – Texas Longhorns – Men's Basketball". TexasSports.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. South regional at Cowboys Stadium features a giant TV screen — and, oh yeah, a basketball court | The Dagger: College Basketball Blog - Yahoo Sports [5][dead link] "Events". Stadium.dallascowboys.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011. [6][dead link] Four high school playoff games scheduled for Cowboys Stadium | Dallas Morning News "PBR – Professional Bull Riders Invades the Brand-New Cowboys Stadium in 2010". Pbrnow.com. Retrieved February 6, 2011.[dead link] "Boxing: Home". HBO. January 29, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "Leanne Hulsenberg triumphs in the 2011 Bowling's U.S. Women's Open". Bowlingdigital.com. Retrieved July 3, 2011. "Dallas Opera simulcast at Cowboy Stadium". Retrieved February 19, 2012. Dallas Cowboys, New York Yankees form joint concessions venture[dead link] (The Dallas Morning News) Cowboys, Yankees form company for new stadiums (Associated Press)[dead link] Yankees, Cowboys, Goldman Sachs Form Stadium Company (Bloomberg) The Art Program At Cowboys Stadium "Dallas Cowboys, Texas Rangers Reach Deal on Parking Spots". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 2, 2009.[dead link] "KENNEDY: $40 for Cowboys Stadium Parking? Sure Would Be Nice to Have Mass Transit...". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. June 4, 2009.[dead link] "Special Programs". The-t.com. January 7, 2011. Retrieved February 6, 2011. "$990 for a parking spot at the Super Bowl". USAToday.com. January 26, 2011. Retrieved December 9, 2011. External links Portal icon Dallas-Fort Worth portal Wikimedia Commons has media related to Cowboys Stadium. Official website Preceded by Texas Stadium Home of the Dallas Cowboys 2009 – present Succeeded by current Preceded by Georgia Dome NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament Finals Venue 2014 Succeeded by Lucas Oil Stadium Preceded by Sun Life Stadium Host of the Super Bowl XLV 2011 Succeeded by Lucas Oil Stadium Preceded by US Airways Center Host of the NBA All-Star Game 2010 Succeeded by Staples Center [show] v t e Dallas Cowboys [show] v t e Current stadiums of the National Football League [show] v t e College football venues in Texas [show] v t e Current NCAA Division I FBS bowl game stadiums [show] v t e Big 12 Championship Game [show] v t e Cotton Bowl Classic [show] v t e College Football Playoff [show] v t e Venues of the 2011 CONCACAF Gold Cup [show] v t e Venues of the 2013 CONCACAF Gold Cup [show] v t e AMA / FIM World Supercross venues Categories: Sports venues completed in 2009 AT&T buildings Big 12 Championship Game venues Dallas Cowboys stadiums National Football League venues NCAA bowl game venues Retractable-roof stadiums in the United States Sports venues in Arlington, Texas Cotton Bowl Classic Soccer venues in Texas American football venues in Texas CONCACAF Gold Cup stadiums Boxing venues in the United States 2009 establishments in Texas Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' NFL NBA Mix) 2014 Sponsored byChilis-logo Chili's Bar & Grill (Broadway Ave, Boise, ID, across from Albertson's Stadium, formerly Bronco Stadium), Five Guys Burgers & Fries (N. Milwaukee, Boise, ID), Dale's Auto Care (Vista Ave, Boise, ID), Hank Stevens Painting (W. Canterbury Dr, Boise, ID),Heirloom Dance Studio (W. Idaho St, Boise, ID), Reola's Regal Beagle (E. 35th St, Boise, ID), Yerby's Gator Grill - Gator Grill 2 on Facebook (6th & Main, Boise, ID), The Creperie Cafe (Spectrum Theaters, Boise, ID), Tito's Egyptian Quisine (6th & Main, Boise, ID), The Humble Abowed, Benz Taxi, Fitness 19 (Meridian, ID), Don Juan's Barbershop (N. 8th St, Boise, ID), Second Chance Choppers & Restoration (Garden City, ID) , Bad Apple (S. Broadway Ave, Boise, ID), Clearwater Painting & Restoration (South Boise Village, Boise, ID) Powered by: ESPN Coaches Fundraising For more information feel free to contact us at (208) 863-1191 basketballcamps@hoops227.net or visit www.facebook.com/boisebasketballcamps Related articles 227's YouTube Chili' March Madness College Chili' Basketball Tournament Online NBA Mix! 227's™ Jamaal's 3 Business Plans $1.83 Million Financing from SBA! 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227's™ YouTube Chili' NBA Chili' @ Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, McDonald's NBA Mix! 227's™ YouTube Chili' NBA Chili' @ Taco Bell, Pizza Hut, McDonald's NBA Mix! National Basketball Association From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (Redirected from Nba) "NBA" redirects here. For other uses, see NBA (disambiguation). Page semi-protected National Basketball Association Current season, competition or edition: 2014–15 NBA season NBALogo.svg Sport Basketball Founded June 6, 1946 (as BAA), New York City, New York, United States CEO Adam Silver Inaugural season 1946–47 No. of teams 30 Countries United States (29 teams) Canada (1 team) Continent FIBA Americas Most recent champion(s) San Antonio Spurs (5th title) Most titles Boston Celtics (17 titles) TV partner(s) ABC/ESPN NBA TV TNT Official website www.nba.com The National Basketball Association (NBA) is the pre-eminent men's professional basketball league in North America, and is widely considered to be the premier men's professional basketball league in the world. It has 30 franchised member clubs (29 in the United States and 1 in Canada), and is an active member of USA Basketball (USAB),[1] which is recognized by FIBA (also known as the International Basketball Federation) as the national governing body for basketball in the United States. The NBA is one of the four major North American professional sports leagues. NBA players are the world's best paid sportsmen, by average annual salary per player.[2] The league was founded in New York City on June 6, 1946, as the Basketball Association of America (BAA).[3] The league adopted the name National Basketball Association on August 3, 1949, after merging with its rival National Basketball League (NBL). The league's several international as well as individual team offices are directed out of its head offices located in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue in New York City. NBA Entertainment and NBA TV studios are directed out of offices located in Secaucus, New Jersey. Contents 1 History 1.1 Creation and merger 1.2 Celtics' dominance, league expansion, and competition 1.3 Surging popularity 1.4 Modern era 1.5 International influence 1.6 Other developments 2 Teams 3 Regular season 4 Playoffs 5 League championships 6 International competitions 7 Ticket prices 8 Notable people 8.1 Presidents and commissioners 8.2 Players 8.3 Coaches 9 Awards 10 See also 11 References 12 Further reading 13 External links History Creation and merger Main article: Basketball Association of America The Basketball Association of America was founded in 1946 by owners of the major ice hockey arenas in the Northeastern Logoand Midwestern United States and Canada. On November 1, 1946, in Toronto, Ontario, Canada, the Toronto Huskies hosted the New York Knickerbockers at Maple Leaf Gardens, in a game the NBA now regards as the first played in its history.[4] The first basket was made by Ossie Schectman of the Knickerbockers. Although there had been earlier attempts at professional basketball leagues, including the American Basketball League and the NBL, the BAA was the first league to attempt to play primarily in large arenas in major cities. During its early years, the quality of play in the BAA was not significantly better than in competing leagues or among leading independent clubs such as the Harlem Globetrotters. For instance, the 1948 ABL finalist Baltimore Bullets moved to the BAA and won that league's 1948 title, and the 1948 NBL champion Minneapolis Lakers won the 1949 BAA title. Prior to the 1948-49 season, however, NBL teams from Fort Wayne, Indianapolis, Minneapolis, and Rochester jumped to the BAA, which established the BAA as the league of choice for collegians looking to turn professional.[5] The headquarters of the National Basketball Association in the Olympic Tower at 645 Fifth Avenue, Midtown Manhattan, New York City, USA.[6] Following the 1948-49 season, the BAA took in the remainder of the NBL: Syracuse, Anderson, Tri-Cities, Sheboygan, Denver, and Waterloo. In deference to the merger and to avoid possible legal complications, the league name was changed from the BAA to the National Basketball Association in spite of having the same BAA governing body including Podoloff.[5] The new league had seventeen franchises located in a mix of large and small cities,[7] as well as large arenas and smaller gymnasiums and armories. In 1950, the NBA consolidated to eleven franchises, a process that continued until 1953–54, when the league reached its smallest size of eight franchises, all of which are still in the league (the New York Knicks, Boston Celtics, Golden State Warriors, Los Angeles Lakers, Royals/Kings, Detroit Pistons, Atlanta Hawks, and Nationals/76ers). The process of contraction saw the league's smaller-city franchises move to larger cities. The Hawks shifted from "Tri-Cities" (the area now known as the Quad Cities) to Milwaukee (in 1951) and then to St. Louis, Missouri (in 1955); the Royals from Rochester, New York to Cincinnati (in 1957); and the Pistons from Fort Wayne, Indiana to Detroit (in 1957). Japanese-American Wataru Misaka broke the NBA color barrier in the 1947–48 season when he played for the New York Knicks. He remained the only non-white player in league history prior to the first African-American, Harold Hunter, signing with the Washington Capitols in 1950.[8][9] Hunter was cut from the team during training camp,[8][10] but several African-American players did play in the league later that year, including Chuck Cooper with the Celtics, Nathaniel "Sweetwater" Clifton with the Knicks, and Earl Lloyd with the Washington Capitols. During this period, the Minneapolis Lakers, led by center George Mikan, won five NBA Championships and established themselves as the league's first dynasty.[11] To encourage shooting and discourage stalling, the league introduced the 24-second shot clock in 1954.[12] If a team does not attempt to score a field goal (or the ball fails to make contact with the rim) within 24 seconds of obtaining the ball, play is stopped and the ball given to its opponent. Celtics' dominance, league expansion, and competition In 1957, rookie center Bill Russell joined the Boston Celtics, who already featured guard Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, and went on to lead the club to eleven NBA titles in thirteen seasons. Center Wilt Chamberlain entered the league with the Warriors in 1959 and became a dominant individual star of the 1960s, setting new single game records in scoring (100) and rebounding (55). Russell's rivalry with Chamberlain became one of the greatest rivalries in the history of American team sports. Bill Russell defending Wilt Chamberlain in 1966. LogoThe 1960s were dominated by the Celtics. Led by Russell, Bob Cousy and coach Red Auerbach, Boston won eight straight championships in the NBA from the 1959–66. This championship streak is the longest in NBA history. They did not win the title in 1966-67, but regained it in the 1967-68 season and repeated in 1969. The domination totaled nine of the ten championship banners of the 1960s.[13] Through this period, the NBA continued to strengthen with the shift of the Minneapolis Lakers to Los Angeles, the Philadelphia Warriors to San Francisco, the Syracuse Nationals to Philadelphia to become the Philadelphia 76ers, and the St. Louis Hawks moving to Atlanta, as well as the addition of its first expansion franchises. The Chicago Packers (now Washington Wizards) became the ninth NBA team in 1961. From 1966 to 1968, the league expanded from 9 to 14 teams, introducing the Chicago Bulls, Seattle SuperSonics (now Oklahoma City Thunder), San Diego Rockets (who relocated to Houston four years later), Milwaukee Bucks, and Phoenix Suns. In 1967, the league faced a new external threat with the formation of the American Basketball Association (ABA). The leagues engaged in a bidding war. The NBA landed the most important college star of the era, Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (then known as Lew Alcindor). However, the NBA's leading scorer, Rick Barry, jumped to the ABA, as did four veteran referees—Norm Drucker, Earl Strom, John Vanak, and Joe Gushue.[14] In 1969, Alan Siegel, who oversaw the design of Jerry Dior's Major League Baseball logo a year prior, created the modern NBA logo inspired by the MLB's. It incorporates the silhouette of the legendary Jerry West based on a photo by Wen Roberts, although NBA officials denied a particular player as being its influence because, according to Siegel, "They want to institutionalize it rather than individualize it. It's become such a ubiquitous, classic symbol and focal point of their identity and their licensing program that they don't necessarily want to identify it with one player." The iconic logo debuted in 1971 and would remain a fixture of the NBA brand.[15][16] The ABA succeeded in signing a number of major stars in the '70s, including Julius Erving of the Virginia Squires, in part because it allowed teams to sign college undergraduates. The NBA expanded rapidly during this period, one purpose being to tie up the most viable cities. From 1966 to 1974, the NBA grew from nine franchises to 18. In 1970, the Portland Trail Blazers, Cleveland Cavaliers, and Buffalo Braves (now the Los Angeles Clippers) all made their debuts expanding the league to 17.[17] The New Orleans Jazz (now in Utah) came aboard in 1974 bringing the total to 18. Following the 1976 season, the leagues reached a settlement that provided for the addition of four ABA franchises to the NBA, raising the number of franchises in the league at that time to 22. The franchises added were the San Antonio Spurs, Denver Nuggets, Indiana Pacers, and New York Nets (now the Brooklyn Nets). Some of the biggest stars of this era were Kareem Abdul-Jabbar, Rick Barry, Dave Cowens, Julius Erving, Elvin Hayes, Walt Frazier, Moses Malone, Artis Gilmore, George Gervin, Dan Issel, and Pete Maravich. The end of the decade, however, saw declining TV ratings, low attendance and drug-related player issues – both perceived and real – that threatened to derail the NBA. Surging popularity Los Angeles Lakers Magic Johnson and Boston Celtics Larry Bird in Game Two of the 1985 NBA Finals at Boston Garden. The league added the ABA's innovative three-point field goal beginning in 1979 to open up the game. That same year, rookies Larry Bird and Magic Johnson joined the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers respectively, initiating a period of significant growth in fan interest in the NBA throughout the country and the world. In 1984 they played against each other for the first time in the NBA Finals. Johnson went on to lead the Lakers to five titles, and Bird went on to lead the Celtics to three. Also in the early '80s, the NBA added one more expansion franchise, the Dallas Mavericks, bringing the total to 23 teams. Later on, Larry Bird won the first three three-point shooting contests. Former league commissioner David Stern who took office on February 1, 1984 before retiring February 1, 2014, oversaw the expansion and growth of the NBA to a global commodity. Michael Jordan going in for a dunk Michael Jordan entered the league in 1984 with the Chicago Bulls, providing an even more popular star to support growing interest in the league. This resulted in more cities demanding teams of their own. In 1988 and 1989, four cities got their wishes as the Charlotte Hornets, Miami Heat, Orlando Magic, and Minnesota Timberwolves made their NBA debuts, bringing the total to 27 teams. In the first year of the 1990s, the Detroit Pistons would win the second of their back-to-back titles, led by coach Chuck Daly and guard Isiah Thomas. Jordan and Scottie Pippen would lead the Bulls to two three-peats in eight years during the 1991–98 seasons. Hakeem Olajuwon won back-to-back titles with the Houston Rockets in '94 and '95. The 1992 Olympic basketball Dream Team, the first to use current NBA stars, featured Michael Jordan as the anchor, along with Bird, Johnson, David Robinson, Patrick Ewing, Scottie Pippen, Clyde Drexler, Karl Malone, John Stockton, Chris Mullin, Charles Barkley, and Christian Laettner. Eleven players on the Dream Team have been inducted individually into the Basketball Hall of Fame. In 1995, the NBA expanded to Canada with the addition of the Vancouver Grizzlies and the Toronto Raptors. In 2001, the Vancouver Grizzlies relocated to Memphis, which left the Raptors as the only Canadian team in the NBA. In 1996, the NBA created a women's league, the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA). In 1998, the NBA owners began a lockout which lasted 191 days and was settled on January 18, 1999. As a result of this lockout the 1998–99 NBA season was reduced from 82 to 50 games (61% of a normal season), and the All-Star Game was cancelled. The San Antonio Spurs won their first championship, and first by a former ABA team, by beating the New York Knicks, who were the first, and to this date, the only, eighth seed to ever make it to the NBA Finals. Modern era Since the breakup of the Chicago Bulls championship roster in the summer of 1998, the Western Conference has dominated, with the Los Angeles Lakers and San Antonio Spurs combining to win the title in nine of fourteen years. Tim Duncan and David Robinson won the 1999 championship with the Spurs, and Shaquille O'Neal and Kobe Bryant started the 2000s with three consecutive championships for the Lakers. The Spurs reclaimed the title in 2003 against the Nets. In 2004, the Lakers returned to the Finals, only to fall in five games to the Detroit Pistons. Dirk Nowitzki and John Wall in action as the Dallas Mavericks face the Washington Wizards in 2011 After the Spurs took home the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy in 2005, the 2006 Finals featured two franchises making their inaugural Finals appearances. The Miami Heat, led by their star shooting guard, Dwyane Wade, and Shaquille O'Neal, who had been traded from the Lakers during the 2004 summer, won the series over the Dallas Mavericks in six after losing the first two games. The Lakers/Spurs dominance continued in 2007 with a four-game sweep by the Spurs over the Cleveland Cavaliers, who were led by LeBron James. The 2008 Finals saw a rematch of the league's highest profile rivalry, the Boston Celtics and Los Angeles Lakers, with the Celtics prevailing, for their league leading 17th championship, thanks to their new big three of Paul Pierce, Ray Allen, and Kevin Garnett. In 2009, the Lakers with Kobe Bryant returned to the Finals, this time defeating the Dwight Howard-led Orlando Magic.[18] Kobe Bryant won his first Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award award in his 13th season after leading the Lakers to their first NBA championship since the departure of Shaquille O'Neal.[19] The 2010 NBA All-Star Game was held at Cowboys Stadium in front of the largest crowd ever, 108,713.[20] At the end of that season, the Celtics and the Lakers renewed their rivalry from 2008 when they met again in the NBA Finals for a record 12th time. The Lakers won the title in Game 7, 83–79.[21] Before the start of the 2010–11 season the NBA had an exciting summer with one of the most anticipated free agent classes of all time. Two of which signed, and one resigned, with the Miami Heat, leading to a season that was heavily centered on their eventual success or failure at taking home the championship. The Heat, led by LeBron James, Dwyane Wade, and Chris Bosh, did in fact make the Finals against the Dallas Mavericks, in a rematch for the franchises of the 2006 Finals. The Mavericks, led by Dirk Nowitzki (the eventual NBA Finals MVP), took the series in six games. LogoThis was the Mavericks' first title. Other veterans like Shawn Marion, Jason Kidd, and Jason Terry also won their first titles with Nowitzki. On July 1, 2011, at 12:01 am, the NBA announced another lockout.[22] After the first few weeks of the season were canceled, the players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement on December 8, 2011, setting up a shortened 66-game season.[23] Following the shortened season, the Miami Heat made a return to the Finals with the trio of Dwyane Wade, Lebron James and Chris Bosh against Oklahoma City's Kevin Durant, Russell Westbrook and James Harden. The Heat went on to defeat the Thunder in five games, capturing their second NBA title in six years. International influence Further information: List of foreign NBA players Following pioneers like Vlade Divac (Serbia) and Dražen Petrović (Croatia) who joined the NBA in the late 1980s, an increasing number of international players have moved directly from playing elsewhere in the world to starring in the NBA. Below is a short list of foreign players who have won NBA awards or have been otherwise recognized for their contributions to basketball, either currently or formerly active in the league: Toni Kukoč, Croatia – 3-time NBA Champion with Chicago Bulls (1996, 1997, 1998), named in 2008 as one of the 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors Vlade Divac, Serbia – 2-time Olympic silver medalist, 2001 NBA All-Star, 2-time World Champion, 3-time European Champion, 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors Arvydas Sabonis, Lithuania – 2011 inductee into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame, 1984, 1985, 1988, 1995, 1999 European Player of the Year, 1985, 1997 Mr. Europa Player of the Year, Olympic gold medalist in 1988 with the Soviet Union and bronze medalist in 1992 and 1996 with Lithuania, 1996 NBA All-Rookie First Team, 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors Dirk Nowitzki, Germany – NBA Champion with Dallas Mavericks (2011), MVP of the 2002 World Championships and Eurobasket 2005, member of the all-tournament team in the 2002 FIBA World Championship, 2002–2006 and 2011 Euroscar winner, 2005 Mr. Europa, 2005 and 2011 FIBA Europe Player of the Year, 2007 NBA MVP, 2011 Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award, 2006 NBA Three-Point Shootout champion and 11-time NBA All-Star (entered the NBA in 1998) Hedo Türkoğlu, Turkey – 2008 Most Improved Player Award winner, member of the all-tournament team in the 2010 FIBA World Championship (entered the NBA in 2000) Pau Gasol, Spain – 2-time NBA Champion with Los Angeles Lakers (2009 & 2010), Three time NBA All-Star, 2002 NBA Rookie of the Year, 2004 and 2009 Mr. Europa, 2006 World Championships MVP, 2008 and 2009 Euroscar and FIBA Europe Player of the Year, EuroBasket 2009 MVP, winner of the NBA Citizenship Award in 2012 (entered the NBA in 2001) Andrei Kirilenko, Russia – EuroBasket 2007 MVP, 2007 FIBA Europe Player of the Year (drafted in 1999, played in the NBA from 2001–11 before returning to Russia due to the lockout, returned in 2012 as a member of the Minnesota Timberwolves.) Tony Parker, France – 3-time NBA Champion with the Spurs, 2007 NBA Finals MVP and 2007 Euroscar winner (entered the NBA in 2001) Manu Ginóbili, Argentina – 3-time NBA Champion with San Antonio Spurs, 2008 Sixth Man Award winner, 50 Greatest Euroleague Contributors, gold medal in the 2004 Summer Olympics with Argentina (drafted in 1999, entered the NBA in 2002) Yao Ming, China – First pick in the 2002 NBA Draft and 7-time NBA All-Star (played in the NBA from 2002–2011) Leandro Barbosa, Brazil – 2007 Sixth Man Award winner (entered the NBA in 2003) Andrea Bargnani, Italy – First pick in the 2006 NBA Draft by the Toronto Raptors (entered the NBA in 2006) On some occasions, young players, most but not all from the English-speaking world, have attended U.S. colleges before playing in the NBA. Notable examples are: Nigerian Hakeem Olajuwon (top draft pick in 1984, 2-time champion, 12-time All-Star, 1994 MVP, 1994 and 1995 Finals MVP, 1994 and 1995 Defensive Player of the Year, only player to receive the MVP Award, Defensive Player of the Year Award, and Finals MVP award in the same season, and Hall of Famer) Congolese Dikembe Mutombo (Four time NBA Defensive Player of the Year, selected fourth overall by the Denver Nuggets in the 1991 NBA Draft and 8-time NBA All-Star) Dutchman Rik Smits (1988 second overall pick, 1998 NBA All-Star, played 12 years for the Indiana Pacers) German Detlef Schrempf (Sixth Man Award winner in 1991 and 1992, 3-time All-Star) Canadian Steve Nash (2005 and 2006 MVP) Australians Luc Longley (3-time champion with the Bulls in the 1990s) and Andrew Bogut, (top draft pick in 2005). Sudanese-born Englishman Luol Deng (2007 winner of the NBA Sportsmanship Award) Since 2006, the NBA has faced Euroleague teams in exhibition matches in the NBA Europe Live Tour and since 2009 in the Euroleague American Tour. The 2013–14 season opened with a record 92 international players on the opening night rosters, representing 39 countries and comprising over 20% of the league[24] The NBA defines "international" players as those born outside the 50 United States and Washington, D.C. This means that: Players born in U.S. possessions such as Puerto Rico and the U.S., Virgin Islands, most notably USVI native Tim Duncan, are counted as "international" even though they are U.S. citizens by birth, and may even have represented the U.S. in international competition (like Duncan). U.S.-born players are not counted as "international" even if they were born with citizenship in another country and represent that country internationally, such as Kosta Koufos. Other developments In 2001, an affiliated minor league, the National Basketball Development League, now called the NBA Development League (or D-League) was created.[25] Before the league was started, there were strong rumors that the NBA would purchase the Continental Basketball Association, and call it its developmental league. In 2004, two years after the Hornets' relocation to New Orleans, the NBA returned to North Carolina as the Charlotte Bobcats were formed as an expansion team. In 2005, the Hornets relocated to Oklahoma City for two seasons because of damage caused by Hurricane Katrina. In 2007, the Hornets returned to New Orleans. On June 28, 2006, a new official game ball was introduced for the 2006–07 season, marking the first change to the ball in over 35 years and only the second ball in 60 seasons.[26] Manufactured by Spalding, the new ball featured a new design and new synthetic material that Spalding claimed offered a better grip, feel, and consistency than the original ball. However, many players were vocal in their disdain for the new ball, saying that it was too sticky when dry, and too slippery when wet. On December 11, 2006, Commissioner Stern announced that beginning January 1, 2007, the NBA would return to the traditional leather basketball in use prior to the 2006–07 season. The change was influenced by frequent player complaints and confirmed hand injuries (cuts) caused by the microfiber ball.[27] The Players' Association had filed a suit in behalf of the players against the NBA over the new ball.[28] As of 2006, the NBA team jerseys are manufactured by Adidas, which purchased the previous supplier, Reebok. On July 19, 2007, the Federal Bureau of Investigation investigated allegations that veteran NBA referee Tim Donaghy bet on basketball games he officiated over the past two seasons and that he made calls affecting the point spread in those games.[29] On August 15, 2007, Donaghy pleaded guilty to two federal charges related to the investigation. However, he could face additional charges if it is determined that he deliberately miscalled individual games. Donaghy claimed in 2008 that certain refs were friendly with players and "company men" for the NBA. Donaghy alleged that refs influenced the outcome of certain playoff and finals games in 2002 and 2005. NBA commissioner David Stern denied the allegations and said Donaghy was a convicted felon and a "singing, cooperating witness".[30] Donaghy served 15 months in prison and was released in November 2009.[31] According to an independent study by Ronald Beech of Game 6 of the NBA 2002 Western Conference Finals between the Lakers and Kings, although the refs increased the Lakers' chances of winning through foul calls during the game, there was no collusion to fix the game. On alleged "star treatment" during Game 6 by the refs toward certain players, Beech claimed, "there does seem to be issues with different standards and allowances for different players." [32] On July 2, 2008, it was announced that the Seattle SuperSonics would relocate to Oklahoma City. The Oklahoma City Thunder began playing in the 2008–09 season. On October 11, 2008, the Phoenix Suns and the Denver Nuggets played the first outdoor game in the modern era of the NBA at the Indian Wells Tennis Garden.[33] On September 1, 2009, the contract between the NBA and its referees expired, creating a referee lockout. On October 1, 2009, the first preseason games were played and replacement referees from the WNBA and NBA Development League were used. The last time replacement referees were used was the beginning of the 1995–96 season.[34] The NBA and the regular referees reached a deal on October 23, 2009.[35] In 2011, the first official NBA league games on European ground took place. In two matchups, the New Jersey Nets faced the Toronto Raptors in London's O2 Arena in front of over 20,000 fans. In July 2011, the NBA laid off around 114 league employees (about 11 percent of all the league office workforce) to save money.[36] The 2011–12 NBA season, scheduled to begin November 1, 2011, with a matchup between the defending champion Dallas Mavericks and the Chicago Bulls, was postponed due to a labor dispute. The lockout officially ended on December 8, 2011, when players and owners ratified a new collective bargaining agreement, and the season began on Christmas Day. On April 30, 2012, the New Jersey Nets officially changed their name to the Brooklyn Nets. They began playing in the New York City borough of Brooklyn in the 2012–13 season. In October 2012, the NBA announced that it would begin fining players for flopping.[37] After the 2012–13 season, the New Orleans Hornets renamed themselves the Pelicans. During the 2013-14 season, Stern retired as commissioner after 30 years, and deputy commissioner Adam Silver ascended to the position of commissioner. During that season's playoffs, the Bobcats officially reclaimed the Hornets name, and by agreement with the league and the Pelicans, also received sole ownership of all history, records, and statistics from the Pelicans' time in Charlotte. As a result, the Hornets are now officially considered to have been founded in 1988, suspended operations in 2002, and resumed in 2004 as the Bobcats, while the Pelicans are officially treated as a 2002 expansion team.[38] (This is somewhat similar to the relationship between the Cleveland Browns and Baltimore Ravens in the NFL.) In April 2014 Donald Sterling, an NBA owner at the time, received a lifetime ban from the NBA after racist remarks he made became public. On August 5, 2014, Becky Hammon was hired by the San Antonio Spurs as an assistant coach, becoming the second female coach in NBA history but the first full-time coach.[39] This also makes her the first full-time female coach in in any of the four major professional sports in North America.[39] Teams See also: List of defunct National Basketball Association teams, List of relocated National Basketball Association teams and Timeline of the National Basketball Association Raptors Celtics Knicks Nets 76ers Bulls Cavaliers Pistons Pacers Bucks Hawks Hornets Heat Magic Wizards Mavericks Rockets Grizzlies Pelicans Spurs Nuggets Timberwolves Trail Blazers Thunder Jazz Warriors Kings Suns Clippers Lakers [show]Map of all coordinates from Google Map of up to 200 coordinates from Bing The NBA originated in 1946 with 11 teams, and through a sequence of team expansions, reductions, and relocations currently consists of 30 teams. The United States is home to 29 teams and one is located in Canada. LogoThe current league organization divides thirty teams into two conferences of three divisions with five teams each. The current divisional alignment was introduced in the 2004–05 season. Reflecting the population distribution of the United States and Canada as a whole, most teams are in the eastern half of the country: thirteen teams are in the Eastern Time Zone, nine in the Central, three in the Mountain, and five in the Pacific. Division Team City, Region Arena Coordinates Founded Joined Eastern Conference Atlantic Boston Celtics Boston, MA TD Garden 42.366303°N 71.062228°W 1946 Brooklyn Nets Brooklyn, New York City, NY Barclays Center 40.68265°N 73.974689°W 1967* 1976 New York Knicks Manhattan, New York City, NY Madison Square Garden 40.750556°N 73.993611°W 1946 Philadelphia 76ers Philadelphia, PA Wells Fargo Center 39.901111°N 75.171944°W 1946* 1949 Toronto Raptors Toronto, ON Air Canada Centre 43.643333°N 79.379167°W 1995 Central Chicago Bulls Chicago, IL United Center 41.880556°N 87.674167°W 1966 Cleveland Cavaliers Cleveland, OH Quicken Loans Arena 41.496389°N 81.688056°W 1970 Detroit Pistons Auburn Hills, MI The Palace of Auburn Hills 42.696944°N 83.245556°W 1941* 1948 Indiana Pacers Indianapolis, IN Bankers Life Fieldhouse 39.763889°N 86.155556°W 1967 1976 Milwaukee Bucks Milwaukee, WI BMO Harris Bradley Center 43.043611°N 87.916944°W 1968 Southeast Atlanta Hawks Atlanta, GA Philips Arena 33.757222°N 84.396389°W 1946* 1949 Charlotte Hornets Charlotte, NC Time Warner Cable Arena 35.225°N 80.839167°W 1988* Miami Heat Miami, FL American Airlines Arena 25.781389°N 80.188056°W 1988 Orlando Magic Orlando, FL Amway Center 28.539167°N 81.383611°W 1989 Washington Wizards Washington, D.C. Verizon Center 38.898056°N 77.020833°W 1961* Western Conference Northwest Denver Nuggets Denver, CO Pepsi Center 39.748611°N 105.0075°W 1967 1976 Minnesota Timberwolves Minneapolis, MN Target Center 44.979444°N 93.276111°W 1989 Oklahoma City Thunder Oklahoma City, OK Chesapeake Energy Arena 35.463333°N 97.515°W 1967* Portland Trail Blazers Portland, OR Moda Center 45.531667°N 122.666667°W 1970 Utah Jazz Salt Lake City, UT EnergySolutions Arena 40.768333°N 111.901111°W 1974* Pacific Golden State Warriors Oakland, CA Oracle Arena 37.750278°N 122.203056°W 1946* Los Angeles Clippers Los Angeles, CA Staples Center 34.043056°N 118.267222°W 1970* Los Angeles Lakers Los Angeles, CA Staples Center 34.043056°N 118.267222°W 1947* 1948 Phoenix Suns Phoenix, AZ US Airways Center 33.445833°N 112.071389°W 1968 Sacramento Kings Sacramento, CA Sleep Train Arena 38.649167°N 121.518056°W 1923* 1948 Southwest Dallas Mavericks Dallas, TX American Airlines Center 32.790556°N 96.810278°W 1980 Houston Rockets Houston, TX Toyota Center 29.750833°N 95.362222°W 1967* Memphis Grizzlies Memphis, TN FedExForum 35.138333°N 90.050556°W 1995* New Orleans Pelicans New Orleans, LA Smoothie King Center 29.948889°N 90.081944°W 2002* San Antonio Spurs San Antonio, TX AT&T Center 29.426944°N 98.4375°W 1967* 1976 Notes An asterisk (*) denotes a franchise move. See the respective team articles for more information. The Fort Wayne Pistons, Minneapolis Lakers and Rochester Royals all joined the NBA (BAA) in 1948 from the NBL. The Syracuse Nationals and Tri-Cities Blackhawks joined the NBA in 1949 as part of the BAA-NBL absorption. The Indiana Pacers, New York Nets, San Antonio Spurs, and Denver Nuggets all joined the NBA in 1976 as part of the NBA-ABA merger. The Charlotte Hornets are regarded as a continuation of the original Charlotte franchise. Because of this, the New Orleans Pelicans are no longer the same franchise as the Charlotte Hornets. The Hornets were known as the Bobcats from 2004-2014. The New Orleans Pelicans were established in 2002. The Bobcats/Hornets rejoined the League in 2004. Regular season Following the summer break, teams begin training camps in late September. Training camps allow the coaching staff to evaluate players (especially rookies), scout the team's strengths and weaknesses, prepare the players for the rigorous regular season, and determine the 12-man active roster (and a 3-man inactive list) with which they will begin the regular season. Teams have the ability to assign players with less than two years of experience to the NBA development league. After training camp, a series of preseason exhibition games are held. Preseason matches are sometimes held in non-NBA cities, both in the United States and overseas. The NBA regular season begins in the last week of October. During the regular season, each team plays 82 games, 41 each home and away. A team faces opponents in its own division four times a year (16 games). Each team plays six of the teams from the other two divisions in its conference four times (24 games), and the remaining four teams three times (12 games). Finally, each team plays all the teams in the other conference twice apiece (30 games). This asymmetrical structure means the strength of schedule will vary between teams (but not as significantly as the NFL or MLB). Over five seasons, each team will have played 80 games against their division (20 games against each opponent, 10 at home, 10 on the road), 180 games against the rest of their conference (18 games against each opponent, 9 at home, 9 on the road), and 150 games against the other conference (10 games against each team, 5 at home, 5 on the road). The Miami Heat playing the Orlando Magic in 2011 As of 2008, the NBA is one of only two of the major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada in which teams play every other team during the regular season (the other being the National Hockey League). Each team hosts and visits every other team at least once every season. For a few seasons until 2008, the NBA had the distinction of being the only one of the four major leagues in which all teams play every other team. The NBA is also the only league that regularly schedules games on Christmas Day.[40] The league has been playing games regularly on the holiday since 1947,[41] though the first Christmas Day games weren't televised until 1983–84.[42] Games played on this day have featured some of the best teams and players.[40][41][42] Christmas is also notable for NBA on television, as the holiday is when the first NBA games air on network television each season.[41][42] Games played on this day have been some of the highest-rated games during a particular season. In February, the regular season pauses to celebrate the annual NBA All-Star Game. Fans vote throughout the United States, Canada, and on the Internet, and the top vote-getters at each position in each conference are given a starting spot on their conference's All-Star team. Coaches vote to choose the remaining 14 All-Stars. Then, Eastern conference players face the Western conference players in the All-Star game. The player with the best performance during the game is rewarded with a Game MVP award. Other attractions of the All-Star break include the Rookie Challenge, where the top rookies and second-year players in the NBA play against each other in a 5-on-5 basketball game; the Skills Challenge, where players compete to finish an obstacle course consisting of shooting, passing, and dribbling in the fastest time; the Three Point Contest, where players compete to score the most amount of three-point field goals in a given time; and the NBA Slam Dunk Contest, where players compete to dunk the ball in the most entertaining way according to the judges. These other attractions have varying names which include the names of the various sponsors who have paid for naming rights. Shortly after the All-Star break is the trade deadline, which is set to fall on the 16th Thursday of the season (usually in February) at 3pm Eastern Time.[43][44] After this date, teams are not allowed to exchange players with each other for the remainder of the season, although they may still sign and release players. Major trades are often completed right before the trading deadline, making that day a hectic time for general managers. Around the middle of April, the regular season ends. It is during this time that voting begins for individual awards, as well as the selection of the honorary, league-wide, post-season teams. The Sixth Man of the Year Award is given to the best player coming off the bench (must have more games coming off the bench than actual games started). The Rookie of the Year Award is awarded to the most outstanding first-year player. The Most Improved Player Award is awarded to the player who is deemed to have shown the most improvement from the previous season. The Defensive Player of the Year Award is awarded to the league's best defender. The Coach of the Year Award is awarded to the coach that has made the most positive difference to a team. The Most Valuable Player Award is given to the player deemed the most valuable for (his team) that season. Additionally, Sporting News awards an unofficial (but widely recognized) Executive of the Year Award to the general manager who is adjudged to have performed the best job for the benefit of his franchise. The post-season teams are the All-NBA Team, the All-Defensive Team, and the All-Rookie Team; each consists of five players. There are three All-NBA teams, consisting of the top players at each position, with first-team status being the most desirable. There are two All-Defensive teams, consisting of the top defenders at each position. There are also two All-Rookie teams, consisting of the top first-year players regardless of position. Playoffs Main article: NBA Playoffs The Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy is awarded to the winner of the NBA Finals. NBA Playoffs begin in late April, with eight teams in each conference competing for the Championship. The three division winners, along with the team with the next best record from the conference are given the top four seeds. The next four teams in terms of record are given the lower four seeds. Having a higher seed offers several advantages. Since the first seed begins the playoffs playing against the eighth seed, the second seed plays the seventh seed, the third seed plays the sixth seed, and the fourth seed plays the fifth seed, having a higher seed means a team faces a weaker team in the first round. The team in each series with the better record has home court advantage, including the First Round. This means that, for example, if the team who receives the 5 seed has a better record than the team with the 4 seed (by virtue of a divisional championship), the 5 seed would have home court advantage, even though the other team has a higher seed. Therefore, the team with the best regular season record in the league is guaranteed home court advantage in every series it plays. For example, in 2006, the Denver Nuggets won 44 games and captured the Northwest Division and the #3 seed. Their opponent was the #6 seed Los Angeles Clippers, who won 47 games and finished second in the Pacific Division. Although Denver won its much weaker division, the Clippers had home-court advantage and won the series in 5.Logo The playoffs follow a tournament format. Each team plays an opponent in a best-of-seven series, with the first team to win four games advancing into the next round, while the other team is eliminated from the playoffs. In the next round, the successful team plays against another advancing team of the same conference. All but one team in each conference are eliminated from the playoffs. Since the NBA does not re-seed teams, the playoff bracket in each conference uses a traditional design, with the winner of the series matching the 1st and 8th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 4th and 5th seeded teams, and the winner of the series matching the 2nd and 7th seeded teams playing the winner of the series matching the 3rd and 6th seeded teams. In every round except the NBA Finals, the best-of-7 series follows a 2–2–1–1–1 home-court pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 5, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 6. For the NBA Finals, the series follows a 2–3–2 pattern, meaning that one team will have home court in games 1, 2, 6, and 7, while the other plays at home in games 3, 4, and 5. The 2–3–2 pattern has been in place since 1985. The final playoff round, a best-of-seven series between the victors of both conferences, is known as the NBA Finals, and is held annually in June. The victor in the NBA Finals wins the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy. Each player and major contributor—including coaches and the general manager—on the winning team receive a championship ring. In addition, the league awards the Bill Russell NBA Finals Most Valuable Player Award to the best performing player of the series. On August 2, 2006, the NBA announced the new playoff format. The new format takes the three division winners and the second-place team with the best record and rank them 1–4 by record. The other 4 slots are filled by best record other than those other 4 teams.[45] Previously, the top three seeds went to the division winners. League championships Main article: List of NBA champions The Boston Celtics have won the most championships with 17 NBA Finals wins. The second most successful franchise is the Los Angeles Lakers, who have 16 overall championships (11 in Los Angeles, 5 in Minneapolis). Following the Lakers are the Chicago Bulls with six championships, all of them over an 8-year span during the 1990s, and the San Antonio Spurs with five championships, all since 1999. Teams Win Loss Total Year(s) won Year(s) lost Boston Celtics 17 4 21 1957, 1959, 1960, 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1974, 1976, 1981, 1984, 1986, 2008 1958, 1985, 1987, 2010 Minneapolis/Los Angeles Lakers 16 15 31 1949, 1950, 1952, 1953, 1954, 1972, 1980, 1982, 1985, 1987, 1988, 2000, 2001, 2002, 2009, 2010 1959, 1962, 1963, 1965, 1966, 1968, 1969, 1970, 1973, 1983, 1984, 1989, 1991, 2004, 2008 Chicago Bulls 6 0 6 1991, 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 1998 — San Antonio Spurs 5 1 6 1999, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2014 2013 Syracuse Nationals/Philadelphia 76ers 3 6 9 1955, 1967, 1983 1950, 1954, 1977, 1980, 1982, 2001 Fort Wayne/Detroit Pistons 3 4 7 1989, 1990, 2004 1955, 1956, 1988, 2005 Philadelphia/San Francisco/Golden State Warriors 3 3 6 1947, 1956, 1975 1948, 1964, 1967 Miami Heat 3 2 5 2006, 2012, 2013 2011, 2014 New York Knicks 2 6 8 1970, 1973 1951, 1952, 1953, 1972, 1994, 1999 Houston Rockets 2 2 4 1994, 1995 1981, 1986 Baltimore/Washington Bullets (now Washington Wizards) 1 3 4 1978 1971, 1975, 1979 St. Louis/Atlanta Hawks 1 3 4 1958 1957, 1960, 1961 Seattle SuperSonics/Oklahoma City Thunder 1 3 4 1979 1978, 1996, 2012 Portland Trail Blazers 1 2 3 1977 1990, 1992 Dallas Mavericks 1 1 2 2011 2006 Milwaukee Bucks 1 1 2 1971 1974 Rochester Royals (now Sacramento Kings) 1 0 1 1951 — Baltimore Bullets (original) (folded in 1954)[a] 1 0 1 1948 — New Jersey Nets (now Brooklyn Nets) 0 2 2 — 2002, 2003 Orlando Magic 0 2 2 — 1995, 2009 Phoenix Suns 0 2 2 — 1976, 1993 Utah Jazz (formerly New Orleans Jazz) 0 2 2 — 1997, 1998 Cleveland Cavaliers 0 1 1 — 2007 Indiana Pacers 0 1 1 — 2000 Chicago Stags (folded in 1950) 0 1 1 — 1947 Washington Capitols (folded in 1951) 0 1 1 — 1949 Current teams that have no NBA Finals appearances: Charlotte Hornets (formerly Charlotte Bobcats) Denver Nuggets Los Angeles Clippers (formerly Buffalo Braves, San Diego Clippers) Memphis Grizzlies (formerly Vancouver Grizzlies) Minnesota Timberwolves New Orleans Pelicans (formerly New Orleans Hornets, NO/OKC Hornets) Toronto Raptors International competitions The National Basketball Association has sporadically participated in international club competitions. From 1987 to 1999 the NBA champions played against the continental champions of the Fédération Internationale de Basketball (FIBA) in the McDonald's Championship. This tournament was won by the NBA invitee every year it was held. FIBA is organizing a new World Club Championship to begin in 2010, and currently plans to invite the NBA champions starting in 2011.[46] Ticket prices In 2012, a ticket cost from $10 to $3,000 apiece, depending on the location of the seat and the success of the teams that were playing.[47] Notable people Further information: Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame Presidents and commissioners Further information: Commissioner of the NBA Maurice Podoloff, President from 1946 to 1963 Walter Kennedy, President from 1963 to 1967 and Commissioner from 1967 to 1975 Larry O'Brien, Commissioner from 1975 to 1984 David Stern, Commissioner from 1984 to 2014 Adam Silver, Commissioner from 2014 to present Players 50 Greatest Players in NBA History Lists of National Basketball Association players List of foreign NBA players, a list that is exclusively for players who are not from the United States Coaches List of current National Basketball Association head coaches List of National Basketball Association head coaches List of National Basketball Association player-coaches List of NBA championship head coaches Top 10 Coaches in NBA History Awards Main article: List of National Basketball Association awards See also Portal icon National Basketball Association portal Portal icon Basketball portal List of American and Canadian cities by number of major professional sports franchises List of attendance figures at domestic professional sports leagues List of NBA champions List of professional sports teams in the United States and Canada List of TV markets and major sports teams in the United States Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada National Basketball Association Cheerleading National Basketball Association Nielsen ratings National Basketball Association rivalries NBA Salary Cap Affiliates National Basketball Association Development League (NBA D-League) Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) Miscellaneous Music Nielsen ratings Criticisms and controversies Mobile Applications ESPN MVP Mobilecdn Mozilla Firefox Addons NBA Scoreboard Notable statistics List of NBA franchise post-season droughts List of NBA franchise post-season streaks Store NBA Store Television partners ABC CBS ESPN NBA TV NBC TNT Video games NBA 06, NBA 07, NBA 08, NBA 09: The Inside NBA 2K (series) NBA Hangtime, NBA Showtime: NBA on NBC, NBA Hoopz, NBA Ballers, NBA Ballers: Phenom, NBA Ballers: Rebound, NBA Ballers: Chosen One NBA Jam (series) NBA Live series NBA Street (series) References "Inside USA Basketball". Usabasketball.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. "REVEALED: The world's best paid teams, Man City close in on Barca and Real Madrid". SportingIntelligence.com. May 1, 2012. Retrieved June 11, 2012. Goldaper, Sam. "The First Game". NBA. Retrieved August 5, 2010. "History of Basketball in Canada". NBA Media Ventures, LLC. Retrieved 2007-04-13. The Official NBA Basketball Encyclopedia. Villard Books. 1994. p. 34. ISBN 0-679-43293-0. "National Basketball Association, Inc.". Copyright © 2012, Hoover's Inc., All Rights Reserved. Retrieved 2012-04-29. "NBA is born". History. Retrieved July 29, 2010. McDowell, Sam (2013-03-09). "Sumner grad Harold Hunter, first African-American to sign with NBA team, dies at 86". Kansas City Star. Retrieved 2013-03-30. "NBA pioneer Harold Hunter, an ex-Xavier coach, died Thursday". Times-Picayune. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-03-30. "Former Tennessee State basketball coach Harold Hunter dies". The City Paper. 2013-03-07. Retrieved 2013-03-30. "1949–51: Lakers Win First NBA Finals". Retrieved July 30, 2010. "NBA Rules History". NBA. May 8, 2008. Retrieved July 30, 2010. "Championship Wins | Celtics.com - The official website of the Boston Celtics". Nba.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. Salzberg, Charles (1998). From Set Shot to Slam Dunk. New York: McGraw-Hill. p. 203. ISBN 978-0-8032-9250-5. Crowe, Jerry (April 27, 2011). "That iconic NBA silhouette can be traced back to him". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 23, 2011. NBA Logo Review CompanyLogos.ws. Retrieved on May 22, 2011. "1970–71 SEASON OVERVIEW". NBA. Retrieved July 30, 2010. Withers, Tom (June 15, 2009). "Redemption: Bryant leads Lakers to 15th NBA title". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved August 5, 2010. McMenamin, Dave (June 18, 2009). "Kobe leads ... and the Lakers follow". NBA. Retrieved August 5, 2010. MacMahon, Tim (February 15, 2010). "Record crowd at All-Star Game". ESPN. Retrieved July 25, 2010. Beacham, Greg (June 18, 2010). "Lakers edge Celtics in Game 7, win 16th title". Yahoo! Sports. Retrieved July 30, 2010. Stein, Marc (2011-10-11). "NBA cancels first 2 weeks of season". ESPN.com. Retrieved 2011-10-12. N.B.A. Owners and Players Ratify Labor Deal Record 92 foreign players on NBA rosters to start season | ProBasketballTalk "NBA D-League Frequently Asked Questions". Nba.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. "NBA Introduces New Game Ball". NBA. June 28, 2006. Retrieved July 30, 2010. Stein, Marc (December 12, 2006). "Leather ball will return on Jan. 1". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011. Stein, Marc (December 8, 2006). "NBA ball controversy reaches new level". ESPN.com. Retrieved June 13, 2011. Donaghy under investigation for betting on NBA games, ESPN. July 20, 2007. "2002 Lakers-Kings Game 6 at heart of Donaghy allegations". June 11, 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-16. Virgin, Ryan (April 13, 2010). "David Stern and Tim Donaghy's Motives Are Not That Different". Retrieved 02-12-2011. Beech, Ronald (2008). "Reviewing the calls: Lakers-Kings Game 6". Retrieved 02-12-2011. McMenamin, Dave (October 12, 2008). "Outdoor game sees shooting, temperature drop". NBA.com. Retrieved July 25, 2010. [1][dead link] Sheridan, Chris (October 26, 2009). "NBA refs to return for regular season". ESPN. Retrieved August 5, 2010. "Lays off 11 percent of workforce". Philstar.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. "NBA sets flopping fines aimed at repeat offenders - NBA - SI.com". Sportsillustrated.cnn.com. 2012-10-03. Retrieved 2013-03-04. "Charlotte Hornets Name Returns to Carolinas". NBA.com. May 20, 2014. Archived from the original on May 25, 2014. Becky Hammon was born to coach Schuhmann, John (December 17, 2009). "Knicks, Kobe and more part of Christmas Day lore". NBA.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010. Eisenberg, Jeff (December 24, 2009). "Christmas Tradition". The Riverside (Ca.) Press-Enterprise. p. B1. Garcia, Art (December 21, 2009). "Christmas Day clashes bring back fond memories". NBA.com. Retrieved December 27, 2010. "NBA Trading Deadline Trades Since 1987". NBA.com. Retrieved 2012-01-05. Roster Regulations, NBA.com "NBA announces postseason seeding format change". ESPN. August 2, 2006. Retrieved July 25, 2010. "New club basketball championship to debut in 2010". ESPN.com. December 9, 2008. Retrieved June 13, 2011. Reader's Digest: 50. January 2013. Further reading Rosen, Charley (2009). The First Tip-Off: The Incredible Story of the Birth of the NBA. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-148785-9. Sports Illustrated: The Basketball Book. Sports Illustrated. 2007. ISBN 1-933821-19-1. Simmons, Bill (2007). The Book of Basketball: The NBA According to The Sports Guy. ESPN. ISBN 0-345-51176-X. Havlicek, John (2003). NBA's Greatest 1st edition. DK. ISBN 0-7894-9977-0. Peterson, Robert W. (2002). Cages to Jump Shots: Pro Basketball's Early Years. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. ISBN 0-8032-8772-0. External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to National Basketball Association. Official website (Mobile) The league also has an official English-language website with a more worldwide perspective, with emphasis on stories outside North America. Localized English-language versions, some of which are partnerships with regional media outlets, also exist for Africa, Australia, Canada, India, New Zealand, and the Philippines. National Basketball Players Association National Basketball Referees Association NBA & ABA Basketball Statistics & History NBA & ABA Transactions Archive [show] v t e National Basketball Association [show] v t e 2013–14 NBA season by team [show] v t e NBA drafts [show] v t e NBA seasons National Basketball Association media Major professional sports leagues in the United States and Canada Men's professional basketball leagues ‹ The template below (Link FA) is being considered for deletion. See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus.› Categories: National Basketball Association Professional sports leagues in the United States Professional sports leagues in Canada Basketball leagues in the United States Basketball leagues in Canada Sports leagues established in 1946 Organizations based in New York City Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (227's™ YouTube Chili' NFL NBA Mix) 2014 Sponsored byChilis-logo Chili's Bar & Grill (Broadway Ave, Boise, ID, across from Albertson's Stadium, formerly Bronco Stadium), Five Guys Burgers & Fries (N. Milwaukee, Boise, ID), Dale's Auto Care (Vista Ave, Boise, ID), Hank Stevens Painting (W. Canterbury Dr, Boise, ID),Heirloom Dance Studio (W. 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