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Donate to 227's™ Basketball Camps - Nampa, ID (Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 - Nampa, ID) NBA Mix! Donate To Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (Nampa, ID) - The Chili' Basketball & Education Cause "It's A Slam Dunk!" Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Youth Basketball Camps gives the 227's™ Academic Credit (25% discount) to parents who are currently enrolled in college, have a college degree or have taken a minimum of 25 credits (about 2 semesters); as part of the Jamaal Al-Din Education Initiative @ boiselibrarian.com *** Be part of the Jamaal Al-Din Education Initiative - Donate Now! *** "Education makes America (Nampa, ID) a better place to live and play basketball. Let's defeat illiteracy, poverty, and ignorance." *** Nampa, Idaho From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Nampa, Idaho City Nickname(s): The Heart of the Treasure Valley Motto: What a Place to Live Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho Location in Canyon County and the state of Idaho Coordinates: 43°34′29″N 116°33′49″WCoordinates: 43°34′29″N 116°33′49″W Country United States State Idaho County Canyon Founded 1886 Incorporated 1891 Government • Mayor Bob Henry Area[1] • City 31.34 sq mi (81.17 km2) • Land 31.19 sq mi (80.78 km2) • Water 0.15 sq mi (0.39 km2) Elevation 2,516 ft (767 m) Population (2010)[2] • City 81,557 • Estimate (2012[3]) 83,930 • Density 2,614.8/sq mi (1,009.6/km2) • Metro 624,000 Time zone Mountain (UTC-7) • Summer (DST) Mountain (UTC-6) ZIP codes 83651-83686-83687 Area code(s) 208 FIPS code 16-56260 GNIS feature ID 0396943 Website ci.nampa.id.us Nampa (Listeni/ˈnæmpə/) is the largest and the fastest growing city in Canyon County, Idaho, USA. The population of Nampa was 81,557 at the 2010 census.[4] Nampa is located about 20 miles (32 km) west of Boise along Interstate 84, and six miles (10 km) west of Meridian. Nampa is a principal city of the Boise-Nampa metropolitan area. The name "Nampa" may have come from a Shoshoni word meaning either moccasin or footprint.[5] Contents 1 History 2 City government 3 Education 4 Notable residents 5 Transportation 6 Recreation 7 Geography 8 Demographics 8.1 2010 census 8.2 2000 census 9 See also 10 References 11 External links History Historical population Census Pop. %± 1890 347 — 1900 799 130.3% 1910 4,205 426.3% 1920 7,621 81.2% 1930 8,206 7.7% 1940 12,149 48.1% 1950 16,185 33.2% 1960 18,897 16.8% 1970 20,768 9.9% 1980 25,112 20.9% 1990 28,365 13.0% 2000 51,867 82.9% 2010 81,557 57.2% Est. 2012 83,930 [6] 2.9% source:[4][7][8] Nampa began its life in the early 1880s when the Oregon Short Line Railroad built a line from Granger, Wyoming, to Huntington, Oregon, which passed through Nampa.[9] More railroad lines sprang up running through Nampa, making it a very important railroad town. Alexander and Hannah Duffes established one of the town's first homesteads, eventually forming the Nampa Land and Improvement Company with the help of their friend and co-founder, James McGee. In spite of the name, many of the first settlers referred to the town as "New Jerusalem" because of the strong religious focus of its citizens. After only a year the town had grown from 15 homes to 50. As new amenities were added to the town, Nampa continued its growth and was incorporated in 1890. Unlike most towns in that historic era with streets running true north and south, Nampa's historic roads run perpendicular to the railroad tracks that travel northwest to southeast through the town. Thus, the northside is really the northeast side of the tracks, and the southside is really the southwest side of the railroad tracks. Founder Alexander Duffes laid out Nampa's streets this way to prevent an accident like one that occurred earlier in a town he had platted near Toronto, Canada. In that town, a woman and her two children were killed by a train when they started across the railroad tracks in a buggy and the wheel got stuck. As the Oregon Short Line railroad originally bypassed Boise, Nampa has the fanciest of many railroad depots built in the area. The first elementary school was built in the 1890s. Lakeview School was located on a hill on 6th Street and 12th Avenue North, with a view of Lake Ethel. Just after the school's centennial celebration, it was condemned as a school and sold to the First Mennonite Church. In 2008 the building was refurbished, and is now being used by the Idaho Arts Charter School. Lake Ethel — an irrigation reservoir — had long been the site of community picnics, and many citizens fished, swam, boated and even hunted on the lake and its surrounding property. The hunting didn’t last for long, however, as O.F. Persons, owner of the adjoining homestead, took offense when local hunters started shooting his pet ducks.[10] The city later auctioned off the lake. E.H. Dewey (a former Nampa mayor) was the only bidder. But occasional flooding led to a series of lawsuits from neighbors. Dewey eventually drained Lake Ethel. Not long after, the city council became interested in buying back the Fritz Miller property as well as the Dewey home. Pressure had been building for more than four years. Nampa citizens wanted another park. On August 7, 1924, the city council passed an ordinance to purchase the Miller property and name it Lakeview Park. A bandstand was completed in 1928, and the municipal swimming pool opened on August 13, 1934. Swim tickets cost 10 cents each or 15 for a dollar. It is Nampa's largest park and many community celebrations are held there.[11] Colonel William H. Dewey, a man who made a fortune mining in Silver City, seeing the advantage of 4 railroad lines, built the elegant Dewey Palace Hotel in 1902 for a quarter of a million dollars. Colonel Dewey died in his hotel in 1903, leaving his son a million dollars. The hotel survived the great fire of 1909, which burned several blocks of downtown Nampa, but was razed in 1963 because no one wanted to invest in renovating the grand structure. Relics from the hotel, such as the chandelier and the hotel safe can be found at the Canyon County Historical Museum, which is housed in the old train depot on Front Street and Nampa City Hall. After demolition the location on First Street between 11th and 12th Ave. South was sold to private enterprise including a bank and tire store replacing this historic building with the current modern structures. A public-use postage stamp sized park was later placed across the street from the old palace property as a collaboration between the Downtown Alliance of Nampa (the local business council) and an Eagle Scout Project for the Boy Scouts of America. The park includes a large mural/wall sculpture of running horses that was commissioned for the project. A Carnegie library was built downtown in 1908; it burned down after the library moved in 1966. The Nampa Public Library is now located on the corner of 1st Street and 11th Avenue South in the old bank building. A new library is currently under construction and is expected to be completed in early 2015. Deer Flat Reservoir, an offstream irrigation storage reservoir, was constructed by the United States Bureau of Reclamation between 1906 and 1911. Known locally as Lake Lowell, it is surrounded by the Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge, which was established in 1909 by President Theodore Roosevelt. The refuge is administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Lake Lowell is filled by the concrete New York Canal; the water is diverted from the Boise River a few miles below Lucky Peak Dam. The Idaho State School and Hospital was built northwest of Nampa in 1910, for the state's developmentally challenged population, and opened in 1918. The institution was largely self-sufficient, with a large farm staffed by the residents. The higher-functioning residents also cared for residents who could not care for themselves. Much has changed in the care of persons with developmental disabilities from the time of the state school's opening. The land for the old farm was sold and are now golf courses (Centennial and Ridgecrest), and the residents no longer give primary care to other residents. The institution is modernized and remains in operation, though a few of the oldest buildings are now used to house juvenile offenders. Nampa held an annual harvest festival and farmers' market from about 1908, a time of celebration and community fun. From this festival emerged the Snake River Stampede Rodeo in 1937, which continues to this day. It is one of the top twelve rodeos in the pro rodeo circuits. A local congregation of the Church of the Nazarene built a small elementary school in 1913, later growing to Northwest Nazarene College in 1915 and finally to Northwest Nazarene University. The university currently has a student body of 2,500 undergraduate and graduate students. Karcher Mall opened in 1965, the first indoor shopping mall in the Treasure Valley. Many area residents have memories of having an Orange Julius, sitting on Santa's lap, or playing games at the Red Baron arcade in the mall. Karcher Mall was "the place to gather" for several decades until the Boise Towne Square mall was built in Boise in 1988, drawing business away. Karcher Mall struggled for many years, but is now making a comeback. With a new I-84 interchange nearby, the area is booming with new business. Nampa is growing fast, with new homes, new shopping centers and new roads. Treasure Valley Marketplace north of the Karcher Interchange has a number of retailers including Costco, Target, Best Buy, Cost Plus World Market, Olive Garden, Michael's, DressBarn, Old Navy, Bed Bath & Beyond, Petco and Kohl's. Across from Treasure Valley Marketplace is located a second shopping center containing a McDonald's. The Nampa Gateway Center is a shopping center under development near the Idaho Center off the Garrity Boulevard Exit of Interstate 84. J.C. Penney, the Sports Authority, Macy's, the Idaho Athletic Club, and Edwards Cinema are located in the Nampa Gateway Center. Wal-Mart is also in the same area. The Idaho Press-Tribune is the local newspaper for the Canyon County area. Since early 2009, the facility has been the contract printer for The Idaho Statesman, whose antiquated press equipment was retired and not replaced. Nampa in 1907. City government In November 2013, after two years on the City Council, Bob Henry was elected mayor[12] after defeating 12-year incumbent Tom Dale by 113 votes in a four-way race.[13] The Nampa City Council increased from four to six members after voters approved the increase in May 2013.[14][15] Incumbents Pam White (first appointed in 2007) Stephen Kren (first elected in 1995),[16] retained their seats. Newcomers Randy Haverfield,[17] Bruce Skaug[18] and Paul Raymond [19] were elected in November 2013. Mayor Henry appointed David Bills [20] to fill his vacant seat on the council. For the fiscal year ended September 30, 2007, the budget for the City of Nampa was $115.5 million.[21] Education The Nampa school district includes 15 elementary schools, 4 middle schools, and 4 high schools, one of which is an alternative high school that serves students who struggle in traditional high schools. Nampa is also home to Northwest Nazarene University (NNU) and College of Western Idaho (CWI). Notable residents Henry Hajimu Fujii, farmer, Japanese-American spokesman, lapidary Davey Hamilton, American racecar driver, competed in the Indianapolis 500 Mark Lindsay, lead vocalist of rock band Paul Revere and the Raiders Zack Lively, American actor Rob Morris (American football), former NFL Linebacker for the Indianapolis Colts Gracie Pfost, United States Representative, first woman to represent Idaho in Congress. Ted Trueblood, (deceased) nationally known outdoor writer and Idaho conservation leader, past editor of Field & Stream magazine. Transportation The interstate that runs through Nampa is Interstate 84 (west) which has four exits into Nampa. The Nampa Municipal Airport is located there for general aviation. Among the principal roads are Idaho state highway 55, Nampa-Caldwell Boulevard (which connects Nampa with Caldwell), 12th Avenue Road, 16th Avenue, and Garrity Boulevard. The Union Pacific's Northwest Corridor line, connecting Salt Lake City and points east with the Pacific Northwest, runs through Nampa. Public transportation includes several bus lines operated by ValleyRide. Recreation Nampa has twenty-four parks, the largest of which is Lakeview Park.[22] The Nampa Recreation Center, a 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) facility containing a six-pool aquatics center, three gymnasiums, racquetball courts, a walking/running track, a weight room and exercise equipment, a climbing wall, and a number of other activity areas, opened in 1994.[23] Centennial Golf Course[24] (18 holes) and Ridgecrest Golf Club[25] (27 holes) are owned and operated by the City of Nampa. The Idaho Center is a complex of entertainment venues. Venues include a 10,500-seat amphitheater which was built in 1998 and features a 60-by-40-foot stage; a 12,279-seat arena featuring 31,200 square feet (2,900 m2) of arena floor space; the Idaho Horse Park, used for horse shows; and the Sports Center, used for track and field events including the home meets of the Boise State University Broncos track teams. The Idaho Center arena is best known for hosting the Snake River Stampede Rodeo during the third week of July every year. The Snake River Stampede is considered one of the nation's top rodeos. The arena is the former home of the Idaho Stampede of the Continental Basketball Association and the Idaho Stallions of the now defunct Indoor Professional Football League and is used for concerts; trade shows, sporting events, and other events. The Idaho Center arena is the former home of the NAIA Division II Men's Basketball Tournament. Upon its completion, the tournament moved to the Idaho Center in 1998 from its former home on the campus of Northwest Nazarene University (then known as Northwest Nazarene College). The tournament left town in 2000 when NNC became a University and left the NAIA to become an NCAA Division II School. In March 2004, the Idaho Center arena played home for the Boise State University men's basketball second round matchup in the NIT against the UW–Milwaukee Panthers. The game was moved to the Idaho Center due to a prior scheduled Metallica concert at Boise State's Taco Bell Arena. The game drew a crowd of more than 10,000, making it the largest crowd to see a basketball game in the arena's history. On November 14, 2006, the Idaho Center hosted the Rolling Stones, the first time the band had performed in Idaho. The Idaho Center also has been hosting a Monster Jam event once a year. Nampa has also been selected as the host for the 2012 Division I NCAA Indoor Track & Field Championships. Geography Nampa is located at 43°34′29″N 116°33′49″W (43.574807, -116.563559).[26] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 31.34 square miles (81.17 km2), of which, 31.19 square miles (80.78 km2) is land and 0.15 square miles (0.39 km2) is water.[1] ZIP codes: 83651, 83653, 83686, 83687. [hide]Climate data for Nampa, Idaho Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Record high °F (°C) 60 (16) 70 (21) 81 (27) 93 (34) 100 (38) 103 (39) 109 (43) 107 (42) 101 (38) 94 (34) 74 (23) 65 (18) 109 (43) Average high °F (°C) 37 (3) 45 (7) 55 (13) 64 (18) 73 (23) 82 (28) 91 (33) 89 (32) 79 (26) 66 (19) 49 (9) 39 (4) 64.1 (17.9) Average low °F (°C) 21 (−6) 26 (−3) 31 (−1) 36 (2) 44 (7) 51 (11) 56 (13) 54 (12) 45 (7) 36 (2) 28 (−2) 21 (−6) 37.4 (3) Record low °F (°C) −20 (−29) −21 (−29) 13 (−11) 20 (−7) 26 (−3) 33 (1) 38 (3) 36 (2) 28 (−2) 15 (−9) −3 (−19) −26 (−32) −26 (−32) Precipitation inches (mm) 1.37 (34.8) 1.14 (29) 1.35 (34.3) 1.12 (28.4) 1.22 (31) 0.63 (16) 0.32 (8.1) 0.24 (6.1) 0.58 (14.7) 0.72 (18.3) 1.28 (32.5) 1.40 (35.6) 11.37 (288.8) Source: [27] Demographics 2010 census As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 81,557 people, 27,729 households, and 20,016 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,614.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,009.6 /km2). There were 30,507 housing units at an average density of 978.1 per square mile (377.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 82.9% White, 0.7% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 10.7% from other races, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.9% of the population. There were 27,729 households of which 44.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.7% were married couples living together, 13.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.8% were non-families. 22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.88 and the average family size was 3.36. The median age in the city was 30.1 years. 32.3% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 28.6% were from 25 to 44; 18.8% were from 45 to 64; and 10.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.0% male and 51.0% female. 2000 census As of the census[28] of 2000, there were 51,867 people, 18,090 households, and 13,024 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,612.3 people per square mile (1,008.9/km²). There were 19,379 housing units at an average density of 976.0 per square mile (376.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 83.45% White, 0.40% African American, 0.94% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.18% Pacific Islander, 11.25% from other races, and 2.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17.90% of the population. There were 18,090 households out of which 40.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 22.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.25. In the city the population was spread out with 31.0% under the age of 18, 12.5% from 18 to 24, 30.3% from 25 to 44, 15.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 28 years. For every 100 females there were 96.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.0 males. The median income for a household in the city was $34,758, and the median income for a family was $39,434. Males had a median income of $28,580 versus $22,022 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,491. About 8.7% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.7% of those under age 18 and 9.9% of those age 65 or over. See also Amalgamated Sugar Company References "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. "Quickfacts: Nampa, Idaho". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-09. The Origin of the Name Nampa, Idaho State Historical Society, May 1965 "State & County QuickFactS". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2013. Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850-1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 96. "Subcounty population estimates: Idaho 2000-2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-04-28. http://www.ci.nampa.id.us/pages/history.php Muhr, Eric. "Lakeview Park replaces Lake Ethel." The Idaho Press-Tribune. Cavalcade February 2005. http://www.nampaparksandrecreation.org/parksdepartment/park.aspx?parkId=3 [1] Sewell, Cynthia (5 November 2013). "Henry unseats Dale as Nampa mayor". Idaho Statesman. Retrieved 5 December 2013. [2] Pam White Stephen Kren. [3] [4] [5] [6] Comprehensive Annual Financial Report of the City of Nampa. Nampa Parks and Recreation - Orah Brandt park is slated for future development but is not currently open. Nampa Recreation Center history. Centennial Golf Course. Ridgecrest Golf Club. "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. "Average Weather for Nampa, ID - Temperature and Precipitation". Weather.com. Retrieved May 13, 2010. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. External links Official City of Nampa website Nampa Chamber of Commerce Nampa Public Library Nampa Planning Department city-data.com The Idaho Statesman- Treasure Valley's newspaper Idaho Press Tribune- Nampa's local newspaper Nampa Police Nampa Fire Department Nampa School District Mercy Medical Center Nampa Recreation Center Fire in 1909 Idaho Equine Hospital Municipalities and communities of Canyon County, Idaho, United States State of Idaho Categories: Nampa, Idaho Cities in Idaho Cities in Canyon County, Idaho Populated places established in 1886 Boise metrop
Donate to 227's™ Basketball Camps - Boise, ID (Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 - Boise, ID) NBA Mix! Donate To Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 (Boise, ID) - The Chili' Basketball & Education Cause "It's A Slam Dunk!" Jamaal Al-Din's Hoops 227 Youth Basketball Camps gives the 227's™ Academic Credit (25% discount) to parents who are currently enrolled in college, have a college degree or have taken a minimum of 25 credits (about 2 semesters); as part of the Jamaal Al-Din Education Initiative @ boiselibrarian.com *** Be part of the Jamaal Al-Din Education Initiative - Donate Now! *** "Education makes America (Boise, ID) a better place to live and play basketball. Let's defeat illiteracy, poverty, and ignorance." *** Boise, Idaho From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia "Boise" redirects here. For other uses, see Boise (disambiguation). Boise, Idaho City City of Boise Skyline of Boise, Idaho Flag of Boise, Idaho Flag Official seal of Boise, Idaho Seal Nickname(s): The City of Trees Motto: Energy Peril Success Location in Ada County and the state of Idaho Location in Ada County and the state of Idaho Boise, Idaho is located in USA Boise, Idaho Boise, Idaho Location in the United States Coordinates: 43°37′N 116°12′W Country United States State Idaho County Ada Founded 1863 Incorporated 1864 Government • Type strong-mayor • Body Boise City Council • Mayor David H. Bieter • Council President Maryanne Jordan Area[1] • City 80.05 sq mi (207.33 km2) • Land 79.36 sq mi (205.54 km2) • Water 0.69 sq mi (1.79 km2) Elevation 2,730 ft (850 m) Population (2010)[2] • City 205,671 • Estimate (2012[3]) 212,303 • Density 2,675.2/sq mi (1,033/km2) • Metro 616,561 • Demonym Boisean Time zone Mountain Standard Time (UTC-7) • Summer (DST) Mountain Daylight Time (UTC-6) ZIP codes 83701–83799 Area code(s) 208 Website www.cityofboise.org Boise (Listeni/ˈbɔɪsi/) is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Idaho, as well as the county seat of Ada County. Located on the Boise River, it anchors the Boise City-Nampa metropolitan area. As of the 2010 Census, the population of Boise was 205,671. It is also the 99th largest U.S. city by population. The 2012 U.S. Census Population Estimates that 212,303 people reside within the city.[4] The Boise metropolitan area is home to about 616,500 people and is the most populous metropolitan area in Idaho, containing the state's three largest cities; Boise, Nampa, and Meridian. Boise City is the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the United States' Pacific Northwest region (behind only those of Seattle. Portland, and Spokane – Coeur d'Alene, Idaho Combined Statistical Area). Time magazine listed Boise as #1 of eight other cities in a 2014 issue under the header "Solutions for America" as "Getting it right."[5] Contents 1 History 1.1 Etymology 2 Geography 2.1 Parts of the city 2.1.1 Downtown Boise 2.1.2 Boise State University 2.1.3 The North End 2.1.4 Southwest Boise 2.1.5 Northwest Boise 2.1.6 Warm Springs and East End 2.1.7 East Boise and Harris Ranch 2.1.8 Southeast Boise 2.1.9 Boise Bench 2.1.10 West Boise 2.2 Cityscape 2.3 Climate 3 Demographics 3.1 2010 census 4 Economy 4.1 Top employers 5 Culture 5.1 Major attractions 6 Professional sports 7 Government 7.1 Crime 8 Education 9 Media 10 Transportation 11 Notable people 12 Photo gallery 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links History See also: Timeline of Boise, Idaho history Etymology Floating in the Boise River Accounts differ about the origin of the name. One account credits Capt. B.L.E. Bonneville of the U.S. Army as its source. After trekking for weeks through dry and rough terrain, his exploration party reached an overlook with a view of the Boise River Valley. The place where they stood is called Bonneville Point, located on the Oregon Trail east of the city. According to the story, a French-speaking guide, overwhelmed by the sight of the verdant river, yelled "Les bois! Les bois!" ("The wood! The wood!")—and the name stuck. The name may instead derive from earlier mountain men, who named the river that flows through it. In the 1820s, French Canadian fur trappers set trap lines in the vicinity. Set in a high-desert area, the tree-lined valley of the Boise River became a distinct landmark. They called this "La rivière boisée", which means "the wooded river."[6] Natives, and those who have lived in the area for a long time, use the pronunciation /ˈbɔɪsiː/ (BOY-see). This is the pronunciation given on the city's website.[7] The pronunciation is sometimes used as a shibboleth by native Boiseans and other longtime residents, as outsiders tend to pronounce the city's name as /ˈbɔɪziː/ (BOY-zee).[8] Main Street in 1911 The area was called Boise long before the establishment of Fort Boise. The original Fort Boise was 40 miles (64 km) west, near Parma, down the Boise River near its confluence with the Snake River at the Oregon border. This defense was erected by the Hudson's Bay Company in the 1830s. It was abandoned in the 1850s, but massacres along the Oregon Trail prompted the U.S. Army to re-establish a fort in the area in 1863 during the U.S. Civil War. The new location was selected because it was near the intersection of the Oregon Trail with a major road connecting the Boise Basin (Idaho City) and the Owyhee (Silver City) mining areas, both of which were booming. During the mid-1860s, Idaho City was the largest city in the Northwest, and as a staging area, Fort Boise grew rapidly; Boise was incorporated as a city in 1863. The first capital of the Idaho Territory was Lewiston in northern Idaho, which in 1863 was the largest community, exceeding the populations of Olympia and Seattle, Washington Territory and Portland, Oregon combined. The original territory was larger than Texas. But following the creation of Montana Territory, Boise was made the territorial capital of a much reduced Idaho in a controversial decision which overturned a district court ruling by a one-vote majority in the territorial supreme court along geographic lines in 1866. Designed by Alfred B. Mullett, the U.S. Assay Office at 210 Main Street was built in 1871 and today is a National Historic Landmark. Geography Astronaut Photography of Boise Idaho taken from the International Space Station (ISS) Ann Morrison Park in spring Boise is located in southwestern Idaho, about 41 miles (66 km) east of the Oregon border, and 110 miles (177 km) north of the Nevada border. The downtown sits at 2,704 feet (824 m) above sea level. Most of the metropolitan area lies on a broad, flat plain, descending to the west. Mountains rise to the northeast, stretching from the far southeastern tip of the Boise city limits to nearby Eagle. These mountains are known to locals as the Boise foothills and are sometimes described as the foothills of the Rocky Mountains. About 34 miles (55 km) southwest of Boise, and about 26 miles (42 km) southwest of Nampa, the Owyhee Mountains lie entirely in neighboring Owyhee County. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 80.05 square miles (207.33 km2), of which, 79.36 square miles (205.54 km2) is land and 0.69 square miles (1.79 km2) is water.[1] The city is drained by the Boise River. The City of Boise is considered part of the Treasure Valley. Parts of the city Businesses along Main St. Boise occupies a large area — 64 sq mi (170 km2) according to the United States Census Bureau. Like all major cities, it is composed of several neighborhoods. These include the Bench, the North End, West Boise and Downtown, among others. In January 2014 the Boise Police Department partnered with the folksonomic neighborhood blogging site Nextdoor, the first city in the Northwest and the 137th city in the U.S. to do so.[9] Since the app, which enables the city's police, fire, and parks departments to post to self-selected, highly localized areas, first became available in October 2011,[10] 101 neighborhoods and sections of neighborhoods have joined.[11] Downtown Boise Main article: Downtown Boise Downtown Boise is Boise's cultural center and home to many small businesses and a few mid-rises. While downtown Boise lacks a major retail shopping/dining experience like Seattle, Portland, and Spokane the area has a small variety of shops and growing option for dining choices. Centrally, 8th Street contains a pedestrian zone with sidewalk cafes and restaurants. The neighborhood is home to many local restaurants, bars and boutiques and supports a vibrant nightlife. The area contains the Basque Block, which gives visitors a chance to learn and enjoy Boise's Basque heritage. Downtown Boise's main attractions include the Idaho State Capitol, the classic Egyptian Theatre on the corner of Capitol Boulevard and Main Street, the Boise Art Museum[12] on Capitol in front of Julia Davis Park, and Zoo Boise located on the grounds of Julia Davis Park.[13] Boise's economy was threatened in the late 1990s by commercial development at locations away from the downtown center, such as Boise Towne Square Mall and at shopping centers located near new housing developments.[14] Cultural events in Downtown Boise include Alive after Five,[15] First Thursday,[16] and the Idaho Potato Drop. Boise State University To the south of downtown Boise is Boise State University and its surrounding environs. The area is dominated by residential neighborhoods and businesses catering to the student population. The unique blue playing field at the 37,000-seat Bronco Stadium on the BSU campus, home to the Boise State Broncos football team, is a major city landmark. Other cultural and sports centers in the area include the Velma V. Morrison Center for the Performing Arts and Taco Bell Arena. Broadway Avenue to the east and south of the BSU campus features many college-themed bars and restaurants. The North End Hyde Park The North End, generally defined as the part of Boise north of State Street, contains many of the city's older homes.[citation needed] It is known for its tree-lined drives such as Harrison Boulevard, and for its quiet neighborhoods near the downtown area. Downtown Boise is visible from Camel's Back Park.[17] On 13th Street, Hyde Park[18] is home to restaurants and other businesses. The North End also hosts events such as the annual Hyde Park Street Fair. In 2008, the American Planning Association (APA) designated Boise's North End one of 10 Great Neighborhoods.[19] Southwest Boise Southwest Boise contains sparsely populated neighborhoods built from the 1960s to the early 1980s. Many include acre-sized plots and the occasional farmhouse and pasture. In the 1980s, growth in the area was stunted to prevent urban sprawl. Since this has been lifted, there has been widespread growth of new homes and neighborhoods. The area lies near Interstate 84, theaters, shopping, the airport, golf and the Boise Bench area. Northwest Boise Northwest Boise lies against the Boise Foothills to the north, State Street to the south, the city of Eagle to the west, and downtown Boise to the east. It contains a mix of old and new neighborhoods, including Lakeharbor, which features the private Silver Lake, a reclaimed quarry. Northwest Boise has some pockets of older homes with a similar aesthetic to the North End. Downtown is minutes away, as is Veteran's Memorial Park[20] and easy access to the Boise Greenbelt. Across the river sits the Boise Bench and to the west are the bedroom communities of Eagle, Star, and Middleton. Warm Springs and East End Warm Springs is centered on the tree-lined Warm Springs Avenue and contains some of Boise's largest and most expensive homes (many of which were erected by wealthy miners and businessmen around the turn of the 20th century; Victorian styles feature prominently). The area gets its name from the natural hot springs that flow from Boise's fault line and warm many of the homes in the area. The Natotorium public swim center is located here. East Boise and Harris Ranch The far-east end of Warm Springs was once known as Barber Town, featuring a hotel with hot springs nestled into the foothills. It now has some new residential developments, with easy access to Highway 21, which leads to the south-central Idaho mountains, the Boise River, the Boise Foothills, and the Idaho Shakespeare Festival. Southeast Boise Southeast Boise spans from Boise State University to Micron Technology – all areas between Federal Way and the Boise River. The older area just south of the University can be described as a cross between the North End and the Boise bench. The rest of Southeast Boise was developed in the last thirty years with suburban-style homes. Columbia Village subdivision and the older Oregon Trail Heights were the first major planned communities in Southeast Boise with an elementary and middle school all within walking distance from all homes. The subdivision is located at the intersections of Interstate 84, Idaho 21, and Federal Way (former U.S. Highway), which are all major arteries to get anywhere in Boise. The subdivision, a baseball complex, and swimming pools were developed around the Simplot Sports complex. The fields are built over an old landfill and dump, and the fields and gravel parking lot allow radon gases to escape through the ground. On August 25, 2008 at about 7:00 pm, a fire started near Amity and Holcomb during a major windstorm. It destroyed 10 houses and damaged 9. Boise State University linguistics professor Mary Ellen Ryder lost her life in the fire.[21] Boise Bench The Bench, generally bounded by Federal Way to the east, Cole Road to the west and Garden City to the north, sits on an elevation approximately 60 feet (18 m) higher than downtown Boise to its northeast. Orchard Street is a major north-south thoroughfare in the neighborhood. The Bench is so named because this sudden rise, giving the appearance of a step, or bench. The Bench (or Benches, there are three actual benches in the Boise Valley) was created as an ancient shoreline to the old river channel. The Bench is home to the Boise Union Pacific Depot and older residential neighborhoods similar to those in the North End. Due south of the Bench is the Boise Airport.[22] West Boise West Boise is home to Boise Towne Square Mall, the largest in the state, as well as numerous restaurants, strip malls, and residential developments ranging from new subdivisions to apartment complexes. The Ada County jail and Hewlett Packard's printing division are also located here. It is relatively the flattest section of Boise, with sweeping views of the Boise Front. West Boise also borders the city of Meridian, Idaho. Cityscape Downtown Boise as seen from the Boise Bench Boise, Idaho from Camelsback Park. Boise, Idaho from the Aspen Condos and Lofts. Climate Boise has a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSk), with four distinct seasons. Boise experiences hot and dry summers with highs reaching 100 °F (38 °C) eight days in a typical year and 90 °F (32 °C) on 51 days.[23] Yet because of the aridity, average diurnal temperature variation exceeds 30 °F (17 °C) in summer. Winters are cold, with a December average of 30.7 °F (−0.7 °C), and lows falling to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below on around three nights per year.[23] Snowfall averages 19 inches (48 cm), but typically falls in bouts of 3 inches (8 cm) or less.[24] Spring and fall are mild. Autumn is brief; spring is gradual. Precipitation is usually infrequent and light, especially so during the summer months. Extremes have ranged from −28 °F (−33 °C) on January 16, 1888 to 111 °F (44 °C), as recently as July 19, 1960;[23] temperatures have reached −25 °F (−32 °C) and 110 °F (43 °C) as recently as December 22, 1990 and July 1, 2013, respectively. [show]Climate data for Boise Airport, Idaho (1981–2010 normals, extremes 1875–present)[25] Demographics Historical population Census Pop. %± 1880 1,899 — 1890 2,311 21.7% 1900 5,957 157.8% 1910 17,358 191.4% 1920 21,393 23.2% 1930 21,544 0.7% 1940 26,130 21.3% 1950 34,393 31.6% 1960 34,481 0.3% 1970 74,990 117.5% 1980 102,249 36.4% 1990 125,738 23.0% 2000 185,787 47.8% 2010 205,671 10.7% Est. 2012 212,303 3.2% source:[3][29][30] 2010 census As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 205,671 people, 85,704 households, and 50,647 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,591.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,000.6 /km2). There were 92,700 housing units at an average density of 1,168.1 per square mile (451.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 89.0% White, 1.5% African American, 0.7% Native American, 3.2% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.1% of the population. There were 85,704 households of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44% were married couples living together, 10% had a woman householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a man householder with no wife present, and 41% were non-families. 31% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3. The median age in the city was 35. 23% of residents were under the age of 18; 11% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 29% were from 25 to 44; 26% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49% men and 51% women. Economy Buildings along Main Street in downtown Boise. Boise is the headquarters for several major companies, such as Boise Cascade LLC, Albertsons, J.R. Simplot Company, Idaho Pacific Lumber Company, Idaho Timber, WinCo Foods, Bodybuilding.com, and Clearwater Analytics. Other major industries are headquartered in Boise or have large manufacturing facilities present. The state government is also one of the city's largest employers. The area's largest private, locally based, publicly traded employer is Micron Technology.[31] Others include IDACORP, Inc., the parent company of Idaho Power, Idaho Bancorp, Boise, Inc., American Ecology Corp., PCS Edventures.com Inc. and Syringa Bancorp. Technology investment and the high-tech industry have become increasingly important to the city, with businesses including Hewlett Packard, Healthwise, Bodybuilding.com, CradlePoint, Crucial.com, ClickBank, MetaGeek, MobileDataForce, MarkMonitor, Sybase, Balihoo, Intracon NA,[32] Wire-stone.com and Microsoft. The call center industry is also a major source of employment; there are over 20 call centers in the city employing more than 7,000 people, including WDSGlobal ( a xerox company), EDS, Teleperformance, DIRECTV and T-Mobile.[33] Varney Air Service, founded by Walter Varney, was formed in Boise, though headquartered at Pasco, Washington. The original airmail contract was from Pasco to Elko, Nevada with stops in Boise in both directions. The company is the root of present day United Airlines, which still serves the city at the newly renovated and upgraded Boise Airport. Inc.com rated Boise #9 on their list of hottest mid-size cities for entrepreneurs in 2007.[34][35] Top employers According to Boise's 2011 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[36] the top employers in the city are: # Employer # of Employees 1 State of Idaho (includes BSU) 14,300 2 St. Luke’s Health System 8,000 3 Walmart 7,136 4 Micron Technology 5,000 5 Simplot 3,400 6 Hewlett-Packard 3,000 7 Saint Alphonsus Regional Medical Center 2,960 8 Wells Fargo 2,278 9 Idaho Power 2,038 10 Fred Meyer 1,905 Culture Boise Art Museum Numbering about 15,000, Boise's ethnic Basque community is the largest such community in the United States and the fifth largest in the world outside Mexico, Argentina, Chile and the Basque Country in Spain and France.[citation needed] A large Basque festival known as Jaialdi is held once every five years (next in 2015). Downtown Boise features a vibrant section known as the "Basque Block". Boise's mayor, David H. Bieter, is of Basque descent. Boise is also a sister region of the Basque communities. Boise is also a regional hub for jazz, theater, and indie music. The Gene Harris Jazz Festival is hosted in Boise each spring. Several theater groups operate in the city, including the Idaho Shakespeare Festival, Boise Little Theatre, Boise Contemporary Theater, and Prairie Dog Productions, among others. The Treefort Music Fest in early March features emerging bands. On the first Thursday of each month, a gallery stroll known as First Thursday is hosted in the city's core business district by the Downtown Boise Association. The city also has the Egyptian Theatre as a renovated venue. The city is also home to several museums, including the Boise Art Museum,[37] Idaho Historical Museum, the Basque Museum and Cultural Center, Idaho Black History Museum, Boise WaterShed and the Discovery Center of Idaho. Boise also has a thriving performing arts community. The Boise Philharmonic,[38] now in its 49th season, under the leadership of Music Director and Conductor Robert Franz continues to grow musically, and introduces excellent guest artists and composers year after year. The dance community is represented by the resurgent Ballet Idaho[39] under artistic director Peter Anastos, and the nationally known and critically acclaimed[40] Trey McIntyre Project[41] also make their home in Boise. All of these perform at the Velma V. Morrison Center for the Performing Arts,[42] on the Boise State University campus. The Morrison Center also hosts local and national fine arts performances. Rounding out the classical performing arts is Opera Idaho,[43] under the direction of Mark Junkert, which brings grand Opera to various venues throughout the Treasure Valley. The Boise City Department of Arts and History was created in 2008 with the goal of promoting the arts, culture, and history of the city among its residents and visitors.[44] Since 1978 Boise City had a public arts commission like many cities to promote public art and education. The Arts Commission provided expert advice on public art installations to the city and private groups, as well as to develop many educational programs within the city promoting the arts. In 2008 the City and the Arts Commission made the decision to introduce history into the scope of the art commission and rename this new commission the Boise City Department of Arts and History.[45] The Boise City Department of Arts and History oversees several ongoing projects and programs related to art, culture, and history, and a number of short-term projects at any given time. Some ongoing projects include: Maintenance of a public art collection valued at over $3 million,[46] Creation and maintenance of city historical and art walks and tours,[47] Maintenance of a city historical research collection,[48] Artists in Residence,[49] and the Fettuccine Forum.[50] Idaho Historical Museum In 2013, Boise celebrated its sesquicentennial, the commemoration was also known as the Boise 150. The commemoration was led by the City of Boise's Department of Arts & History. The Department of Arts & History focused the commemoration around the themes of Enterprise, Community, and Environment. For the sesquicentennial year, the Department of Arts 7 History inhabited a storefront at 1008 Main St. This Boise 150 headquarters, also known as the Sesqui-Shop operated as a store, exhibit space, and event venue. Local merchants produced authentic local products as part of the sesquicentennial. Sesquicentennial events included, Thinking 150, Anniversary Weekend, Re-Art Children's Program, Sesqui-Speaks, and Walk 150. Legacy pieces of the sesquicentennial included the Share Your Story Program, a Commemorative book featuring local writers, and a commemorative CD featuring local musicians. As part of the sesquicentennial, the Department of Arts & History also awarded a Legacy Grant to the Shoshone-Bannock Culture Committee, as well as 36 smaller community grants. According to a 2012 study performed by Americans for the Arts, arts, both public and private, in Boise is a forty-eight million dollar per year industry.[51] The same study also cited the arts in and around Boise as a supplier of jobs for about 1600 people and producer of roughly $4.4 million in revenue to state and local government. The Boise Centre on the Grove is an 85,000-square-foot (7,900 m2) convention center that hosts a variety of events, including international, national, and regional conventions, conferences, banquets, and consumer shows. It is located in the heart of downtown Boise and borders the Grove Plaza, which hosts numerous outdoor functions throughout the year including the New Year's Eve celebration, the Idaho Potato Drop hosted by the Idaho New Year's Commission.. The Morrison-Knudsen Nature Center offers water features and wildlife experiences just east of downtown. It is located adjacent to Municipal Park.[20] It features live fish and wildlife exhibits, viewing areas into the water, bird and butterfly gardens, waterfalls and a free visitor's center. Boise has diverse and vibrant religious communities. The Jewish community's Ahavath Beth Israel Temple, completed 1896, is the nation's oldest continually used temple west of the Mississippi. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints dedicated a temple there in 1984 and the Boise Hare Krishna Temple opened in August 1999.[52] Boise (along with Valley and Boise Counties) hosted the 2009 Special Olympics World Winter Games. More than 2,500 athletes from over 85 countries participated.[53] In 1972, John Waters set the final scene of his low-budget film Pink Flamingos in Boise.[54] Major attractions Capitol building in July Carousel in Zoo Boise A number of recreational opportunities are available in Boise, including extensive hiking and biking in the foothills to the immediate north of downtown. Much of this trail network is part of Hull's Gulch and can be accessed by 8th street. An extensive urban trail system called the Boise River Greenbelt runs along the river. The Boise River itself is a common destination for fishing, swimming and rafting. In Julia Davis Park is Zoo Boise, which has over 200 animals representing over 80 species from around the world. An Africa exhibit, completed in 2008, is the most recent addition.[55] Boise is also home to the Idaho Aquarium. The Bogus Basin ski area opened in 1942 and hosts multiple winter activities, primarily alpine skiing and snowboarding, but also cross-country skiing and snow tubing. "Bogus" is 16 mi (26 km) from the city limits (less than an hour drive from downtown) on a twisty paved road which climbs 3400 vertical feet (1036 m) through sagebrush and forest. Professional sports teams in Boise include the Boise Hawks of the short-season Class A Northwest League (minor league baseball), the Idaho Steelheads of the ECHL (minor league hockey), the Idaho Stampede of the NBA Development League (minor league basketball), and the Treasure Valley Spartans (semi-pro football) of the (Rocky Mountain Football League). An arenafootball2 franchise, the Boise Burn, began play in 2007 but is now defunct. On the sports entertainment front, Boise is home to an all-female, DIY, flat track roller derby league, the Treasure Valley Rollergirls, which beginning on Labor Day Weekend 2010 hosted an international, two-day, double elimination tournament, the first Spudtown Knockdown,[56][57] featuring eight teams from throughout the American West and Canada.[58][59] The Boise State University campus is home to Bronco Stadium, the 36,800 seat[60] football and track stadium known for its blue Field Turf field; and Taco Bell Arena, a 12,000 seat basketball and entertainment venue which opened in 1982 as the BSU Pavilion. Boise State University is known primarily for the recent successes of its football team, although it is also a fairly well regarded commuter school for undergraduate students. The Famous Idaho Potato Bowl football game (formerly known as the Humanitarian Bowl and the MPC Computers Bowl) is held in late December each year, and pairs a team from the Western Athletic Conference with a Mid-American Conference team. The World Center for Birds of Prey is located just outside city limits, and is a key part of the re-establishment of the Peregrine Falcon and the subsequent removal from the Endangered Species list. The center is currently breeding the very rare California condor, among many other rare and endangered species. The city has been cited by publications like Forbes, Fortune and Sunset for its quality of life. The cornerstone mall in Boise, Boise Towne Square Mall, is also a major shopping attraction for Boise, Nampa, Caldwell, and surrounding areas. The mall received upgrades and added several new retailers in 1998 and 2006. The state's largest giant sequoia can be found near St. Luke's Hospital.[61] Professional sports Club League Sport Venue Established Championships Boise Hawks Northwest League Baseball Memorial Stadium 1987 6 Idaho Steelheads ECHL Ice hockey CenturyLink Arena Boise 1996 2 Idaho Stampede D-League Basketball CenturyLink Arena Boise 1997 1 Government Boise frequently receives national recognition for its quality of life and business climate. Some recent national rankings: The Best and Worst Cities for Men 2013: #1 (Men's Health)[62] Best drivers in America: # 2 (Allstate Insurance, 2011)[63] Best Towns 2010: #1 Overall Town in Western U.S. (Outside Magazine) [64] Top Ten Cities to Live In: #10 [65] One of the 10 best places to live: (U.S. News & World Report, 2009)[66] Best places for business and careers: # 2 (Forbes Magazine, 2008)[67] Crime Overall, Boise is considered to be a safe city. Violent crimes dropped from 775 incidences in 2006 to 586 in 2007, but murders increased from one in 2004 to nine in 2007. In 2007, there were 3,211 crimes per 100,000 residents.[68] In 2006, Boise was ranked #1 on Farmer's Insurance list of the most secure places to live.[69] Education The Boise School District includes 31 elementary schools, 8 junior high schools, 5 high schools and 2 specialty schools.[70] Part of the Meridian School District (now the largest in Idaho) is within the Boise city limits, and the city is therefore home to six public high schools: Boise, Borah, Capital, Timberline, the alternative Frank Church, and the Meridian district's Centennial. Boise's private schools include the Catholic Bishop Kelly, Foothills School of Arts and Sciences, and the International Baccalaureate-accredited Riverstone International School. Post-secondary educational options in Boise include Boise State University (BSU) and a wide range of technical schools. The University of Idaho (UI) and Idaho State University (ISU) each maintain a satellite campus in Boise. As of 2012, the city has one law school, the Concordia University School of Law.[71] UI plans to open a third-year law program from its college of law. Boise is home to Boise Bible College, an undergraduate degree-granting college that exists to train leaders for churches as well as missionaries for the world. Boiseko Ikastola[72] is the only Basque pre-school outside of the Basque Country. Media Main article: Media in Boise, Idaho The greater-Boise area is served by two daily newspapers, The Idaho Statesman and the Idaho Press-Tribune, a free alternative newsweekly, Boise Weekly, a weekly business news publication Idaho Business Review, and a quarterly lifestyle magazine, Boise Magazine. In addition to numerous radio stations, Boise has five major commercial television stations that serve the greater Boise area. There are four major news outlets, KTVB (NBC), KBOI-TV (CBS), KIVI-TV (American Broadcasting Company; sister Fox station KNIN-TV airs additional KIVI newscasts), and Idaho Public Television. Transportation The major Interstate serving Boise is I-84, which connects Boise with Portland, Oregon, and Salt Lake City, Utah. In addition, residents in the Boise area are served with Interstate 184 (locally known as "The Connector"), a nearly five-mile stretch of freeway connecting I-84 with the downtown Boise area. Highway 55 branches outward northeast. There is a network of bike paths, such as the Boise River Greenbelt, throughout the city and surrounding region. Among US cites, Boise has the seventh highest amount of bicycle commuters per capita with 3.9% of commuters riding to work. This is commonly attributed to students and faculty of Boise State University, the largest center for higher learning in the state.[73] Public transportation includes a series of bus lines operated by ValleyRide. In addition, the Downtown Circulator, a proposed streetcar system, is in its planning stage.[74] Commercial air service is provided at the Boise Municipal Airport. The terminal was recently renovated to accommodate the growing number of passengers flying in and out of Boise. It is served by Allegiant Air, Alaska Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Southwest Airlines, United Airlines, and US Airways. The east end of the airport is home to the National Interagency Fire Center. The Gowen Field Air National Guard Base occupies the south side of the field. Notable people BoDo [75] district in Downtown Boise's Carnegie Public Library opened in 1905 on Washington St. and remained at that site until the library moved in 1973. [76] Robert Adler, inventor[77] William Agee, businessman[78] Joe Albertson, the founder of the Albertsons chain of grocery stores and Kathryn Albertson, wife of Joe Albertson and notable philanthropist; born in Boise.[79] Cecil Andrus, Idaho's only 4-term governor, secretary of the interior[80] James Jesus Angleton, former chief of the CIA counter-intelligence staff[citation needed] Steve Appleton, businessman and aviation enthusiast[81] Kristin Armstrong, cycling gold medalist[82] Matthew Barney, artist[83] Bill Buckner, former Major League Baseball player[84] Maggie Carey, director, writer[85] John P. Cassidy, Los Angeles City Council member, 1962–67, born in Boise[citation needed] Frank Church, U.S. senator, Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee[86] John Sanford Cole, Navy Cross recipient[87] Heather Cox, sportscaster[citation needed] John M. Haines, mayor and governor[88] Mark Gregory Hambley, ambassador[89] Gene Harris, jazz musician[90] Michael Hoffman, movie director[91] Howard W. Hunter, religious leader[92] Eilen Jewell, Singer-songwriter and band leader.[93] Scott Jorgensen, Mixed Martial Artist[94] Dirk Kempthorne, mayor, governor, senator, and secretary of the interior[95] George Kennedy, actor[citation needed] Youth Lagoon, indie band, Trevor Powers[citation needed] Mark Levine, jazz musician and educator[citation needed] Doug Martsch, musician and songwriter[citation needed] Bonnie McCarroll, rodeo performer[96] Brett Nelson, musician and songwriter[citation needed] Reginald Owen, character actor[97] Thom Pace, musician and songwriter[citation needed] Aaron Paul, actor[98] Jeret Peterson, Olympic Silver Medalist, 2010 Winter Olympics, Freestyle Skiing[99] William Petersen, television actor[100] Jake Plummer, football quarterback[101] Paul Revere, musician[102] Brian Scott, auto racer[103] Johnny Sequoyah, child actress, best known for starring in Believe, born in Boise Jeremy Shada, voice actor (Adventure Time)[citation needed] Frank Shrontz, businessman[104] J.R. Simplot, businessman[citation needed] Robert Smylie, governor[105] Michael J. Squier, United States Army Brigadier General and Deputy Director of the Army National Guard[106] Gary Stevens, jockey[107] Curtis Stigers, musician and songwriter[citation needed] Kristine Sutherland, television actress[citation needed] Wayne Walker, football linebacker and broadcaster[108] Viola S. Wendt, poet[citation needed] Torrie Wilson, model, entertainer and professional wrestler[citation needed] Brandi Sherwood, Miss Idaho Teen USA 1989, Miss Teen USA 1989, Miss Idaho USA 1997, Miss USA 1997. Succeeded title of Miss USA 1997 after Brook Mahealani Lee, the eventual winner from Hawaii won Miss Universe 1997. Photo gallery Zions Bank Building, completed in early 2014, is the tallest building in Boise Foothills view of Boise, Fall 2013 Looking north from 8th/Broad St intersection in August 2013 Downtown Boise Skyline at Midnight Old Boise Train Depot Downtown in 2006 Bird's-Eye View in 2010 Boise Metropolitan Area, as seen from foothills above city City Christmas Tree in Front of the Capitol Building in 2010 Jack's Urban Meeting Place, to be completed in 2015 References Constructs such as ibid., loc. cit. and idem are discouraged by Wikipedia's style guide for footnotes, as they are easily broken. Please improve this article by replacing them with named references (quick guide), or an abbreviated title. (April 2013) "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. "Population Estimates". Population Estimate, U.S. Census. 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Available online through the Washington State Library's Classics in Washington History collection Elma MacGibbons reminiscences of her travels in the United States starting in 1898, which were mainly in Oregon and Washington. Includes chapter "Boise, the capital of Idaho". External links Wikimedia Commons has media related to Boise. Official website Boise Convention and Visitors Bureau Boise Area Chamber of Commerce Boise, the City of Trees Boise City Department of Arts & History Boise School District University of Idaho yearbook, 1933 − aerial photo of downtown Boise, early 1930s Boise Basque School; Boiseko Ikastola The (Boise) Foothills Documentary produced by Idaho Public Television Articles relating to Boise, Idaho Coordinates: 43°37′0″N 116°12′0″W Categories: Boise, Idaho Basque-American history Boise metropolitan area Cities in Idaho County seats in Idaho Populated places established in 1863 Cities in Ada County, Idaho Related articles

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